Choosing goals that express the true self: A novel mechanism of the effect of self‐control on goal attainment

Olga Stavrova*, Tila Pronk, Michail Kokkoris

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Why is trait self‐control associated with successful goal progress? Existing research has attempted to answer this question by focusing on individual differences in the process of goal pursuit. Herein, we propose and test a novel mechanism suggesting that self‐control facilitates goal attainment not only by affecting the process of goal pursuit but also the type of goals people select in the first place. Three studies showed that high (vs. low) self‐control individuals are more likely to report successful goal attainment and this association was mediated by their tendency to select the goals that reflect their true / authentic self. These results were obtained using cross‐sectional and longitudinal designs and were robust against controlling for previously established mechanisms of the effect of trait self‐control on goal attainment (habit strength, experiences of goal‐conflicting desires). Overall, there findings contribute to the literatures on self‐regulation, authenticity and goal management.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1329-1336
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Individuality
Habits

Keywords

  • AUTHENTICITY
  • PERSONALITY
  • RESPONSE CONFLICT
  • TEMPTATION
  • TRAIT SELF
  • authenticity
  • goal attainment
  • self-control
  • self-regulation
  • true self

Cite this

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title = "Choosing goals that express the true self: A novel mechanism of the effect of self‐control on goal attainment",
abstract = "Why is trait self‐control associated with successful goal progress? Existing research has attempted to answer this question by focusing on individual differences in the process of goal pursuit. Herein, we propose and test a novel mechanism suggesting that self‐control facilitates goal attainment not only by affecting the process of goal pursuit but also the type of goals people select in the first place. Three studies showed that high (vs. low) self‐control individuals are more likely to report successful goal attainment and this association was mediated by their tendency to select the goals that reflect their true / authentic self. These results were obtained using cross‐sectional and longitudinal designs and were robust against controlling for previously established mechanisms of the effect of trait self‐control on goal attainment (habit strength, experiences of goal‐conflicting desires). Overall, there findings contribute to the literatures on self‐regulation, authenticity and goal management.",
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year = "2019",
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journal = "European Journal of Social Psychology",
issn = "0046-2772",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
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}

Choosing goals that express the true self : A novel mechanism of the effect of self‐control on goal attainment. / Stavrova, Olga; Pronk, Tila; Kokkoris, Michail.

In: European Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 49, No. 6, 2019, p. 1329-1336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Choosing goals that express the true self

T2 - A novel mechanism of the effect of self‐control on goal attainment

AU - Stavrova, Olga

AU - Pronk, Tila

AU - Kokkoris, Michail

PY - 2019

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AB - Why is trait self‐control associated with successful goal progress? Existing research has attempted to answer this question by focusing on individual differences in the process of goal pursuit. Herein, we propose and test a novel mechanism suggesting that self‐control facilitates goal attainment not only by affecting the process of goal pursuit but also the type of goals people select in the first place. Three studies showed that high (vs. low) self‐control individuals are more likely to report successful goal attainment and this association was mediated by their tendency to select the goals that reflect their true / authentic self. These results were obtained using cross‐sectional and longitudinal designs and were robust against controlling for previously established mechanisms of the effect of trait self‐control on goal attainment (habit strength, experiences of goal‐conflicting desires). Overall, there findings contribute to the literatures on self‐regulation, authenticity and goal management.

KW - AUTHENTICITY

KW - PERSONALITY

KW - RESPONSE CONFLICT

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KW - authenticity

KW - goal attainment

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KW - self-regulation

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