Clear self, better relationships: Adolescents' self-concept clarity and relationship quality with parents and peers across 5 years

Andrik I. Becht*, Stefanie A. Nelemans, Marloes P. A. van Dijk, Susan J. T. Branje, Pol A. C. Van Lier, J.J.A. Denissen, W.H.J. Meeus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This study examined reciprocal associations between adolescents' self-concept clarity (SCC) and their relationship quality with parents and best friends in a five-wave longitudinal study from age 13 to 18years. In all, 497 adolescents (57% boys) reported on their SCC and all informants (i.e., adolescents, both parents, and adolescents' best friends) reported on support and negative interaction. Within-person cross-lagged analyses provided systematic evidence for both parent effects and child effects, with the direction of effects being strongly dependent on the relational context. For example, higher maternal support predicted higher adolescent SCC, supporting a parent effects perspective, whereas higher SCC predicted lower paternal negative interaction, supporting a child effects perspective. Peer effects on adolescent SCC were not consistently found across adolescent and best friend reports.

The title for this Special Section is Origins of Children's Self-Views, edited by Eddie Brummelman and Sander Thomaes

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1823-1833
JournalChild Development
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • MULTI-INFORMANT
  • CHILD
  • PERCEPTIONS
  • ASSOCIATIONS
  • RELIABILITY
  • ADJUSTMENT
  • PSYCHOLOGY
  • STABILITY
  • CONTEXT
  • ESTEEM

Cite this

Becht, A. I., Nelemans, S. A., van Dijk, M. P. A., Branje, S. J. T., Van Lier, P. A. C., Denissen, J. J. A., & Meeus, W. H. J. (2017). Clear self, better relationships: Adolescents' self-concept clarity and relationship quality with parents and peers across 5 years. Child Development, 88(6), 1823-1833. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12921