Clustering of diet- and activity-related parenting practices

Cross-sectional findings of the INPACT study

Gerda Rodenburg*, Anke Oenema, Stef P. J. Kremers, Dike van de Mheen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background: 

Various diet- and activity-related parenting practices are positive determinants of child dietary and activity behaviour, including home availability, parental modelling and parental policies. There is evidence that parenting practices cluster within the dietary domain and within the activity domain. This study explores whether diet-and activity-related parenting practices cluster across the dietary and activity domain. Also examined is whether the clusters are related to child and parental background characteristics. Finally, to indicate the relevance of the clusters in influencing child dietary and activity behaviour, we examined whether clusters of parenting practices are related to these behaviours.

Methods: 

Data were used from 1480 parent-child dyads participating in the Dutch IVO Nutrition and Physical Activity Child cohorT (INPACT). Parents of children aged 8-11 years completed questionnaires at home assessing their diet-and activity-related parenting practices, child and parental background characteristics, and child dietary and activity behaviours. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to identify clusters of parenting practices. Backward regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between child and parental background characteristics with cluster scores, and partial correlations to examine associations between cluster scores and child dietary and activity behaviours.

Results: 

PCA revealed five clusters of parenting practices: 1) high visibility and accessibility of screens and unhealthy food, 2) diet-and activity-related rules, 3) low availability of unhealthy food, 4) diet-and activity-related positive modelling, and 5) positive modelling on sports and fruit. Low parental education was associated with unhealthy cluster 1, while high(er) education was associated with healthy clusters 2, 3 and 5. Separate clusters were related to both child dietary and activity behaviour in the hypothesized directions: healthy clusters were positively related to obesity-reducing behaviours and negatively to obesity-inducing behaviours.

Conclusion: 

Parenting practices cluster across the dietary and activity domain. Parental education can be seen as an indicator of a broader parental context in which clusters of parenting practices operate. Separate clusters are related to both child dietary and activity behaviour. Interventions that focus on clusters of parenting practices to assist parents (especially low-educated parents) in changing their child's dietary and activity behaviour seems justified.

Original languageEnglish
Article number36
Number of pages13
JournalThe International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Parenting practices
  • Clustering
  • Children
  • Dietary behaviour
  • Activity behaviour
  • BALANCE-RELATED BEHAVIORS
  • BODY-MASS INDEX
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • FEEDING PRACTICES
  • VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION
  • SHORT QUESTIONNAIRE
  • WEIGHT STATUS
  • CHILD FRUIT
  • OVERWEIGHT
  • STYLE

Cite this

@article{feb0577c3f3a4609974a6945831f97e7,
title = "Clustering of diet- and activity-related parenting practices: Cross-sectional findings of the INPACT study",
abstract = "Background: Various diet- and activity-related parenting practices are positive determinants of child dietary and activity behaviour, including home availability, parental modelling and parental policies. There is evidence that parenting practices cluster within the dietary domain and within the activity domain. This study explores whether diet-and activity-related parenting practices cluster across the dietary and activity domain. Also examined is whether the clusters are related to child and parental background characteristics. Finally, to indicate the relevance of the clusters in influencing child dietary and activity behaviour, we examined whether clusters of parenting practices are related to these behaviours.Methods: Data were used from 1480 parent-child dyads participating in the Dutch IVO Nutrition and Physical Activity Child cohorT (INPACT). Parents of children aged 8-11 years completed questionnaires at home assessing their diet-and activity-related parenting practices, child and parental background characteristics, and child dietary and activity behaviours. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to identify clusters of parenting practices. Backward regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between child and parental background characteristics with cluster scores, and partial correlations to examine associations between cluster scores and child dietary and activity behaviours.Results: PCA revealed five clusters of parenting practices: 1) high visibility and accessibility of screens and unhealthy food, 2) diet-and activity-related rules, 3) low availability of unhealthy food, 4) diet-and activity-related positive modelling, and 5) positive modelling on sports and fruit. Low parental education was associated with unhealthy cluster 1, while high(er) education was associated with healthy clusters 2, 3 and 5. Separate clusters were related to both child dietary and activity behaviour in the hypothesized directions: healthy clusters were positively related to obesity-reducing behaviours and negatively to obesity-inducing behaviours.Conclusion: Parenting practices cluster across the dietary and activity domain. Parental education can be seen as an indicator of a broader parental context in which clusters of parenting practices operate. Separate clusters are related to both child dietary and activity behaviour. Interventions that focus on clusters of parenting practices to assist parents (especially low-educated parents) in changing their child's dietary and activity behaviour seems justified.",
keywords = "Parenting practices, Clustering, Children, Dietary behaviour, Activity behaviour, BALANCE-RELATED BEHAVIORS, BODY-MASS INDEX, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, FEEDING PRACTICES, VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION, SHORT QUESTIONNAIRE, WEIGHT STATUS, CHILD FRUIT, OVERWEIGHT, STYLE",
author = "Gerda Rodenburg and Anke Oenema and Kremers, {Stef P. J.} and {van de Mheen}, Dike",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1186/1479-5868-10-36",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity",
issn = "1479-5868",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

Clustering of diet- and activity-related parenting practices : Cross-sectional findings of the INPACT study. / Rodenburg, Gerda; Oenema, Anke; Kremers, Stef P. J.; van de Mheen, Dike.

In: The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 10, 36, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Clustering of diet- and activity-related parenting practices

T2 - Cross-sectional findings of the INPACT study

AU - Rodenburg, Gerda

AU - Oenema, Anke

AU - Kremers, Stef P. J.

AU - van de Mheen, Dike

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Background: Various diet- and activity-related parenting practices are positive determinants of child dietary and activity behaviour, including home availability, parental modelling and parental policies. There is evidence that parenting practices cluster within the dietary domain and within the activity domain. This study explores whether diet-and activity-related parenting practices cluster across the dietary and activity domain. Also examined is whether the clusters are related to child and parental background characteristics. Finally, to indicate the relevance of the clusters in influencing child dietary and activity behaviour, we examined whether clusters of parenting practices are related to these behaviours.Methods: Data were used from 1480 parent-child dyads participating in the Dutch IVO Nutrition and Physical Activity Child cohorT (INPACT). Parents of children aged 8-11 years completed questionnaires at home assessing their diet-and activity-related parenting practices, child and parental background characteristics, and child dietary and activity behaviours. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to identify clusters of parenting practices. Backward regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between child and parental background characteristics with cluster scores, and partial correlations to examine associations between cluster scores and child dietary and activity behaviours.Results: PCA revealed five clusters of parenting practices: 1) high visibility and accessibility of screens and unhealthy food, 2) diet-and activity-related rules, 3) low availability of unhealthy food, 4) diet-and activity-related positive modelling, and 5) positive modelling on sports and fruit. Low parental education was associated with unhealthy cluster 1, while high(er) education was associated with healthy clusters 2, 3 and 5. Separate clusters were related to both child dietary and activity behaviour in the hypothesized directions: healthy clusters were positively related to obesity-reducing behaviours and negatively to obesity-inducing behaviours.Conclusion: Parenting practices cluster across the dietary and activity domain. Parental education can be seen as an indicator of a broader parental context in which clusters of parenting practices operate. Separate clusters are related to both child dietary and activity behaviour. Interventions that focus on clusters of parenting practices to assist parents (especially low-educated parents) in changing their child's dietary and activity behaviour seems justified.

AB - Background: Various diet- and activity-related parenting practices are positive determinants of child dietary and activity behaviour, including home availability, parental modelling and parental policies. There is evidence that parenting practices cluster within the dietary domain and within the activity domain. This study explores whether diet-and activity-related parenting practices cluster across the dietary and activity domain. Also examined is whether the clusters are related to child and parental background characteristics. Finally, to indicate the relevance of the clusters in influencing child dietary and activity behaviour, we examined whether clusters of parenting practices are related to these behaviours.Methods: Data were used from 1480 parent-child dyads participating in the Dutch IVO Nutrition and Physical Activity Child cohorT (INPACT). Parents of children aged 8-11 years completed questionnaires at home assessing their diet-and activity-related parenting practices, child and parental background characteristics, and child dietary and activity behaviours. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to identify clusters of parenting practices. Backward regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between child and parental background characteristics with cluster scores, and partial correlations to examine associations between cluster scores and child dietary and activity behaviours.Results: PCA revealed five clusters of parenting practices: 1) high visibility and accessibility of screens and unhealthy food, 2) diet-and activity-related rules, 3) low availability of unhealthy food, 4) diet-and activity-related positive modelling, and 5) positive modelling on sports and fruit. Low parental education was associated with unhealthy cluster 1, while high(er) education was associated with healthy clusters 2, 3 and 5. Separate clusters were related to both child dietary and activity behaviour in the hypothesized directions: healthy clusters were positively related to obesity-reducing behaviours and negatively to obesity-inducing behaviours.Conclusion: Parenting practices cluster across the dietary and activity domain. Parental education can be seen as an indicator of a broader parental context in which clusters of parenting practices operate. Separate clusters are related to both child dietary and activity behaviour. Interventions that focus on clusters of parenting practices to assist parents (especially low-educated parents) in changing their child's dietary and activity behaviour seems justified.

KW - Parenting practices

KW - Clustering

KW - Children

KW - Dietary behaviour

KW - Activity behaviour

KW - BALANCE-RELATED BEHAVIORS

KW - BODY-MASS INDEX

KW - PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY

KW - FEEDING PRACTICES

KW - VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION

KW - SHORT QUESTIONNAIRE

KW - WEIGHT STATUS

KW - CHILD FRUIT

KW - OVERWEIGHT

KW - STYLE

U2 - 10.1186/1479-5868-10-36

DO - 10.1186/1479-5868-10-36

M3 - Article

VL - 10

JO - The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

JF - The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

SN - 1479-5868

M1 - 36

ER -