Coherence and prior knowledge in visualizations

M.A.A. van Amelsvoort, L. van Weelden, Nadine de Jong, Rick Thijssen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Based on Kintsch’(1994) research on the interaction between prior knowledge and text coherence for learning from text, we investigate whether the same effect is present when learning from visual instruction. In our first experiment, participants had to tie a tie following visual instructions with low or high coherence. Background knowledge was manipulated by giving half of the participants two practice knots (the others did not practice and therefore had no background knowledge). Results show that the high background knowledge group conducted the task faster than the low background knowledge group, but there was no interaction between background knowledge and coherence on performance. In the round table session, we would like to discuss merits of our approach and possible future studies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBuilding bridges: Improving our understanding of learning from text and graphics by making the connection
EditorsHuib Tabbers, Bjorn de Koning, Marije van Amelsvoort, Jan van der Meij, Neil Jacobson, Erica de Vries
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventEARLI SIG2 meeting 2014 - Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 25 Sep 201427 Oct 2014

Conference

ConferenceEARLI SIG2 meeting 2014
CountryNetherlands
CityRotterdam
Period25/09/1427/10/14

Cite this

van Amelsvoort, M. A. A., van Weelden, L., de Jong, N., & Thijssen, R. (2014). Coherence and prior knowledge in visualizations. In H. Tabbers, B. de Koning, M. van Amelsvoort, J. van der Meij, N. Jacobson, & E. de Vries (Eds.), Building bridges: Improving our understanding of learning from text and graphics by making the connection
van Amelsvoort, M.A.A. ; van Weelden, L. ; de Jong, Nadine ; Thijssen, Rick. / Coherence and prior knowledge in visualizations. Building bridges: Improving our understanding of learning from text and graphics by making the connection. editor / Huib Tabbers ; Bjorn de Koning ; Marije van Amelsvoort ; Jan van der Meij ; Neil Jacobson ; Erica de Vries. 2014.
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title = "Coherence and prior knowledge in visualizations",
abstract = "Based on Kintsch’(1994) research on the interaction between prior knowledge and text coherence for learning from text, we investigate whether the same effect is present when learning from visual instruction. In our first experiment, participants had to tie a tie following visual instructions with low or high coherence. Background knowledge was manipulated by giving half of the participants two practice knots (the others did not practice and therefore had no background knowledge). Results show that the high background knowledge group conducted the task faster than the low background knowledge group, but there was no interaction between background knowledge and coherence on performance. In the round table session, we would like to discuss merits of our approach and possible future studies.",
author = "{van Amelsvoort}, M.A.A. and {van Weelden}, L. and {de Jong}, Nadine and Rick Thijssen",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
editor = "Huib Tabbers and {de Koning}, Bjorn and {van Amelsvoort}, Marije and {van der Meij}, {Jan } and Neil Jacobson and {de Vries}, Erica",
booktitle = "Building bridges: Improving our understanding of learning from text and graphics by making the connection",

}

van Amelsvoort, MAA, van Weelden, L, de Jong, N & Thijssen, R 2014, Coherence and prior knowledge in visualizations. in H Tabbers, B de Koning, M van Amelsvoort, J van der Meij, N Jacobson & E de Vries (eds), Building bridges: Improving our understanding of learning from text and graphics by making the connection. EARLI SIG2 meeting 2014, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 25/09/14.

Coherence and prior knowledge in visualizations. / van Amelsvoort, M.A.A.; van Weelden, L.; de Jong, Nadine; Thijssen, Rick.

Building bridges: Improving our understanding of learning from text and graphics by making the connection. ed. / Huib Tabbers; Bjorn de Koning; Marije van Amelsvoort; Jan van der Meij; Neil Jacobson; Erica de Vries. 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Coherence and prior knowledge in visualizations

AU - van Amelsvoort, M.A.A.

AU - van Weelden, L.

AU - de Jong, Nadine

AU - Thijssen, Rick

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Based on Kintsch’(1994) research on the interaction between prior knowledge and text coherence for learning from text, we investigate whether the same effect is present when learning from visual instruction. In our first experiment, participants had to tie a tie following visual instructions with low or high coherence. Background knowledge was manipulated by giving half of the participants two practice knots (the others did not practice and therefore had no background knowledge). Results show that the high background knowledge group conducted the task faster than the low background knowledge group, but there was no interaction between background knowledge and coherence on performance. In the round table session, we would like to discuss merits of our approach and possible future studies.

AB - Based on Kintsch’(1994) research on the interaction between prior knowledge and text coherence for learning from text, we investigate whether the same effect is present when learning from visual instruction. In our first experiment, participants had to tie a tie following visual instructions with low or high coherence. Background knowledge was manipulated by giving half of the participants two practice knots (the others did not practice and therefore had no background knowledge). Results show that the high background knowledge group conducted the task faster than the low background knowledge group, but there was no interaction between background knowledge and coherence on performance. In the round table session, we would like to discuss merits of our approach and possible future studies.

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - Building bridges: Improving our understanding of learning from text and graphics by making the connection

A2 - Tabbers, Huib

A2 - de Koning, Bjorn

A2 - van Amelsvoort, Marije

A2 - van der Meij, Jan

A2 - Jacobson, Neil

A2 - de Vries, Erica

ER -

van Amelsvoort MAA, van Weelden L, de Jong N, Thijssen R. Coherence and prior knowledge in visualizations. In Tabbers H, de Koning B, van Amelsvoort M, van der Meij J, Jacobson N, de Vries E, editors, Building bridges: Improving our understanding of learning from text and graphics by making the connection. 2014