This article develops a victimological perspective on international criminal justice, based on a review of the main victimological characteristics of international crimes: the complicity of government agencies, the large numbers of victims involved and the peculiar position of victims of international crimes, who at the time of the commission of the crimes are viewed as perpetrators and/or beyond the moral sphere, rather than as victims. Key elements of the framework concern the external coherence of the criminal justice reaction – the interlinking of criminal justice with other reparative efforts – as well as its internal coherence – the extent to which the procedures of international criminal justice are aligned with what it realistically can and should achieve. This latter aspect of coherence is used in an examination of victims’ rights in international criminal justice procedures.
Pemberton, A., Letschert, R. M., de Brouwer, A. L. M., & Haveman, R. H. (2015). Coherence in international criminal justice: A victimological perspective. International Criminal Law Review, 15(2), 339-368. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718123-01502004