Collectively coping with contact: The role of intragroup support in dealing with the challenges of intergroup mixing in residential contexts

Clifford Stevenson, Thia Sagherian-Dickey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The social identity approach to stress has shownhowintragroup support processes shape individuals’ responses to stress across health care, workplace, and community settings. However, the issue of how these ‘social cure’ processes can help cope with the stress of intergroup contact has yet to be explored. This is particularly important given the pivotal role of intergroup threat and anxiety in the experience of contact as well as the effect of contact on extending the boundaries of group inclusion. This study applies this perspective to a real-life instance of residential contact in a divided society. Semi- structured interviews with 14 Catholic and 13 Protestant new residents of increasingly mixed areas ofBelfast city, Northern Ireland, were thematically analysed. Results highlight that transitioning to mixed communities was fraught with intergroup anxiety, especially for those coming from ‘single identity’ areas. Help from existing residents, especially when offered by members of other religious denominations, signalled a ‘mixed community ethos’ to new residents, which facilitated adopting and sharing this identity. This shared identity then enabled them to deal with unexpected intergroup threats and provided resilience to future sectarian division. New residents who did not adopt this shared identity remained isolated, fearful, and prone to negative contact.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681-699
JournalBritish Journal of Social Psychology
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • social cure
  • identity transition
  • intergroup anxiety
  • intergroup contact
  • intergroup encounter
  • intergroup threat
  • residential threat
  • social identity

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