Color typicality and content planning in definite reference

H.G.W. Westerbeek, R.M.F. Koolen, A. Maes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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We investigated whether knowledge of the typical color of objects affects content planning in reference production. In a language production experiment, we elicited identifying de- scriptions of typically colored (e.g., orange goldfish) and atypically colored objects (orange crocodile). In line with our expectations, speakers are more likely to redundantly include color in a description of a target when it has an atypical color, than when it is typically colored. This finding leads to some recommendations for current computational models of con- tent planning, such as the Incremental Algorithm.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of PRE-Cogsci 2013
Subtitle of host publicationBridging the gap between cognitive and computational approaches to reference
EditorsEllen Bard, Kees van Deemter, Albert Gatt, Roger van Gompel, Emiel Krahmer
Place of PublicationBerlin, Germany
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • color typicality
  • content planning
  • visual saliency
  • models of reference production


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