Combinatorial integer labeling theorems on finite sets with applications

G. van der Laan, A.J.J. Talman, Z.F. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
247 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Tucker’s well-known combinatorial lemma states that, for any given symmetric
triangulation of the n-dimensional unit cube and for any integer labeling that
assigns to each vertex of the triangulation a label from the set {±1,±2,...,±n} with the property that antipodal vertices on the boundary of the cube are assigned opposite labels, the triangulation admits a 1-dimensional simplex whose two vertices have opposite labels. In this paper, we are concerned with an arbitrary finite set D of integral vectors in the n-dimensional Euclidean space and an integer labeling that assigns to each element of D a label from the set {±1,±2,...,±n}. Using a constructive approach, we prove two combinatorial theorems of Tucker type. The theorems state that, under some mild conditions, there exists two integral vectors in D having opposite labels and being cell-connected in the sense that both belong to the set {0, 1}n +q for some integral vector q. These theorems are used to show in a constructive way the existence of an integral solution to a system of nonlinear equations under certain natural conditions. An economic application is provided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-407
JournalJournal of Optimization Theory and Applications
Volume144
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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