Comprehensive assessment of incidence, risk factors, and mechanisms of impaired medical and psychosocial health outcomes among adolescents and young adults with cancer: Protocol of the prospective observational COMPRAYA cohort study

Olga Husson*, Marjolijn J. L. Ligtenberg, Lonneke V. van de Poll-Franse, Judith B. Prins, Martin J. van den Bent, Mies C. van Eenbergen, Renske Fles, Eveliene Manten-Horst, Jourik A. Gietema, Winette T. A. van der Graaf

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Adolescents and young adults (AYA), aged 18-39 years at first cancer diagnosis, are recognized as a distinct population within the oncology community due to the unique challenges they encounter including recognition, diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of their disease. It is imperative for advances in the field of AYA oncology to pool data sources (patient-reported outcomes, clinical, treatment, genetic, and biological data) across institutions and countries and create large cohorts that include the full range of AYA ages and diagnoses to be able to address the many pressing questions that remain unanswered in this vulnerable population. The Dutch COMPRAYA study aims to examine the incidence, risk factors, and mechanisms of impaired health outcomes (short- and long-term medical and psychosocial effects) over time among AYA cancer patients. The overarching aim is to provide a research infrastructure for (future) data analyses and observational retrospective/prospective ancillary studies and to expand data collection to other countries.

Adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients suffer from delay in diagnosis, and lack of centralized cancer care, age-adjusted expertise, and follow-up care. This group presents with a unique spectrum of cancers, distinct tumor biology, cancer risk factors, developmental challenges, and treatment regimens that differ from children and older adults. It is imperative for advances in the field of AYA oncology to pool data sources across institutions and create large cohorts to address the many pressing questions that remain unanswered in this vulnerable population. We will create a nationwide infrastructure (COMPRAYA) for research into the incidence, predictive/prognostic markers, and underlying mechanisms of medical and psychosocial outcomes for AYA between 18-39 years diagnosed with cancer. A prospective, observational cohort of (n = 4000), will be established. Patients will be asked to (1) complete patient-reported outcome measures; (2) donate a blood, hair, and stool samples (to obtain biochemical, hormonal, and inflammation parameters, and germline DNA); (3) give consent for use of routinely archived tumor tissue and clinical data extraction from medical records and registries; (4) have a clinic visit to assess vital parameters. Systematic and comprehensive collection of patient and tumor characteristics of AYA will support the development of evidence-based AYA care programs and guidelines.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2348
Number of pages17
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • adolescent and young adult oncology
  • late effects
  • health-related quality of life
  • survival
  • genetic risk
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC-LEUKEMIA
  • BREAST-CANCER
  • LONG-TERM
  • CONCEPTUAL-MODEL
  • CHILDHOOD-CANCER
  • SURVIVORS
  • IMPACT
  • CARE
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

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