Consequences of Turkish return migration from Western Europe

F.K. Kunuroglu, Kutlay Yagmur, Fons van de Vijver, Sjaak Kroon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


We studied the consequences of Turkish return migration in the reconstruction of 'migrant' identities into 'almanci' identities (literally: German-like; a pejorative term denoting Turkish returnees with a German-like identity) using semi-structured, oral interviews among 48 informants. The study uses a qualitative approach and inductive content analysis to get insight into the factors influencing (re) adaptation of Turkish return migrants. On the basis of informants' self-reports, we found that perceived discrimination, cultural distance with mainstream Turks and children-related issues experienced after return emerged as major themes in the returnee's narratives. The research revealed that re-adaptation difficulties varied substantially across generations and the socioeconomic status of the informants. The migration experiences and the acculturation orientations of the migrants in the countries of immigration played essential roles for a successful re-adaptation period. The results are discussed within the framework of two major models, Berry's acculturation model and Sussman's cultural identity model. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-211
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2015


  • Turkish return migration
  • Re-acculturation
  • Identity reconstruction
  • United-States
  • Migrants
  • Adaptation
  • Stories


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