### Abstract

This paper presents a new sequential method for constrained non-linear optimization problems.The principal characteristics of these problems are very time consuming function evaluations and the absence of derivative information. Such problems are common in design optimization, where time consuming function evaluations are carried out by simulation tools (e.g., FEM, CFD).Classical optimization methods, based on derivatives, are not applicable because often derivative information is not available and is too expensive to approximate through finite differencing.The algorithm first creates an experimental design. In the design points the underlying functions are evaluated.Local linear approximations of the real model are obtained with help of weighted regression techniques.The approximating model is then optimized within a trust region to find the best feasible objective improving point.This trust region moves along the most promising direction, which is determined on the basis of the evaluated objective values and constraint violations combined in a filter criterion.If the geometry of the points that determine the local approximations becomes bad, i.e. the points are located in such a way that they result in a bad approximation of the actual model, then we evaluate a geometry improving instead of an objective improving point.In each iteration a new local linear approximation is built, and either a new point is evaluated (objective or geometry improving) or the trust region is decreased.Convergence of the algorithm is guided by the size of this trust region.The focus of the approach is on getting good solutions with a limited number of function evaluations (not necessarily on reaching high accuracy).

Original language | English |
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Place of Publication | Tilburg |

Publisher | Operations research |

Number of pages | 25 |

Volume | 2001-87 |

Publication status | Published - 2001 |

### Publication series

Name | CentER Discussion Paper |
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Volume | 2001-87 |

### Keywords

- optimization
- nonlinear programming

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## Cite this

Brekelmans, R. C. M., Driessen, L., Hamers, H. J. M., & den Hertog, D. (2001).

*Constrained Optimization Involving Expensive Function Evaluations: A Sequential Approach*. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2001-87). Operations research.