Contents and Graphics in Line: When is it Beneficial to Schematize Pictures in Expository Prose?

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Learners generally benefit from representational pictures that are added to expository text. But what determines whether it is better to design such pictures as schematized drawings or as detailed photographs? In some studies learning outcomes are positively affected by schematized pictures, but in other studies null effects are reported. We argue that learners' ability to identify key concepts in pictures is an important predictor of effec- tiveness of representational pictures, and that this ability can be facilitated by using schematized pictures. We present results of a pilot study (N=36), which indicate that the aforementioned ability correlates with learning outcomes. We are planning to test our hypotheses in a full-scale experiment, and to present results of this exper- iment at the conference.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBuilding bridges
Subtitle of host publicationImproving our understanding of learning from text and graphics by making the connection
EditorsHuib Tabbers, Bjorn de Koning, Marije van Amelsvoort, Jan van der Meij, Neil Jacobson, Erica de Vries
Place of PublicationRotterdam
PublisherEARLI SIG
Number of pages3
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2014
EventEARLI SIG 2 2014 - Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 25 Aug 201427 Aug 2014


ConferenceEARLI SIG 2 2014


  • Connecting text and pictures
  • Schematization
  • Visual detail


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