Contextualization of the role of bilingualism and cultural maintenance behavior for well-being, sociocultural adjustment, and ethnic identity among diverse ethnic groups in Indonesia

Betty Sari

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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Abstract

CONTEXTUALIZATION OF THE ROLE OF BILINGUALISM AND CULTURAL
MAINTENANCE BEHAVIOR FOR WELL-BEING, SOCIOCULTURAL ADJUSTMENT,
AND ETHNIC IDENTITY AMONG DIVERSE ETHNIC GROUPS IN INDONESIA

Summary

Research question:
This thesis consists of four studies investigating how bilingual skills and language usage vary depending on the context, and beyond these potential differences, how bilingualism relates to identity, adjustment, and well-being of adolescents across ethnic groups, and how parents play a role in developing bilingualism and ethnic identity.

Important of the research:

This study contributes to the scientific literature relates to how bilingualism patterns can be explained in different contexts, and how bilingualism relates to ethnic identity, well-being, and sociocultural adjustment among adolescents also in non-Western and non-immigration multicultural context. The relation between domains in bilingualism and the relation between each domain with psychological outcomes may show cultural specificity, and the manifestation of bilingualism in usage and skill may relate to context or in other words, bilingualism is contextualized.

Research Method:
The survey was conducted in high schools in Java, Sumatra, and Sulawesi Islands in Indonesia. Data were collected from urban areas and participants were adolescents from four Indonesian ethnic groups (Chinese, Batak, Toraja, and Javanese), aged between 12 and 19 years.

Main Conclusion:
The study shows the importance of such contextual conditions to understand bilingualism in its different domains; language usage in private life, language usage in public area, subjective skill, and objective skill. This thesis has shown the complexity of bilingualism and that it is important to understand the local context to formulate expectations about how bilingualism or each domain of bilingualism relates to psychological outcomes, such as well-being, identity, and sociocultural adjustment.

Main Recommendation:
Since there are only few studies done in the Indonesian context, a replication with different ethnic groups in Indonesia is needed and it is useful to assess ethnic hierarchy empirically, as it may help explain differences between ethnic groups.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Tilburg University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Yagmur, Kutlay, Promotor
  • van de Vijver, Fons, Promotor
  • Chasiotis, Atha, Co-promotor
  • Bender, Michael, Co-promotor
  • Schaafsma, Juliëtte, Member PhD commission
  • Backus, Albert, Member PhD commission
  • Panggabean, H.R.G., Member PhD commission, External person
  • Suryani, A.O., Member PhD commission, External person
Award date16 Jun 2020
Place of PublicationS.l.
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789461829405
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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