Corporate Social Responsibility in China: Implementations and challenges

J.J. Graafland, L. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is becoming increasingly important in China. This paper investigates the implementation of instruments for dimensions of CSR that are relevant for the Chinese context and the challenges that Chinese companies face. Based on a survey among 109 Chinese companies, we find that formal instruments to implement CSR are rather common. Companies spend most effort in improving the economic aspects of CSR, such as competitiveness, product innovation and process innovation. Only a small minority of the companies set concrete targets and report the realization of these targets for social and environmental goals. This indicates that the attention to social and environmental aspects of CSR is still rather loose. The most important challenges for improving CSR are strong competitive pressure, insufficient support from the government and/or nongovernmental organizations and high costs of CSR implementation. Multiple regression analysis shows that the use of instruments is positively related to company size and foreign ownership and negatively related to lack of resources and support for CSR by investors and consumers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-49
JournalBusiness Ethics: A European Review
Issue number1
Early online date9 Dec 2013
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014


Dive into the research topics of 'Corporate Social Responsibility in China: Implementations and challenges'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this