Cost-utility of collaborative care for major depressive disorder in primary care in the Netherlands

M. Goorden, K.M. Huijbregts, H.W.J. van Marwijk, A.T. Beekman, C.M. van der Feltz-Cornelis, L. Hakkaart-van Roijen

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16 Citations (Scopus)


Major depression is a great burden on society, as it is associated with high disability/costs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-utility of Collaborative Care (CC) for major depressive disorder compared to Care As Usual (CAU) in a primary health care setting from a societal perspective.
A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted, including 93 patients that were identified by screening (45-CC, 48-CAU). Another 57 patients were identified by the GP (56-CC, 1-CAU). The outcome measures were TiC-P, SF-HQL and EQ-5D, respectively measuring health care utilization, production losses and general health related quality of life at baseline three, six, nine and twelve months. A cost-utility analysis was performed for patients included by screening and a sensitivity analysis was done by also including patients identified by the GP.
The average annual total costs was €1131 (95% C.I., €− 3158 to €750) lower for CC compared to CAU. The average quality of life years (QALYs) gained was 0.02 (95% C.I., − 0.004 to 0.04) higher for CC, so CC was dominant from a societal perspective. Taking a health care perspective, CC was less cost-effective due to higher costs, €1173 (95% C.I., €− 216 to €2726), of CC compared to CAU which led to an ICER of 53,717 Euro/QALY. The sensitivity analysis showed dominance of CC.
The cost-utility analysis from a societal perspective showed that CC was dominant to CAU. CC may be a promising treatment for depression in the primary care setting. Further research should explore the cost-effectiveness of long-term CC.
Keywords: Cost utility, Primary health care, Depressive disorder, Collaborative care, Randomized controlled trial
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-323
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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