Country-level and individual-level predictors of men's support for gender equality in 42 countries

Natasza Kosakowska-Berezecka*, Tomasz Besta, Jennifer K. Bosson, Pawel Jurek, Joesph A. Vandello, Deborah L. Best, Anna Wlodarczyk, Saba Safdar, Magdalena Zawisza, Magdalena Zadkowska, Jurand Sobiecki, Collins Badu Agyemang, Gulcin Akbas, Soline Ammirati, Joel Anderson, Gulnaz Anjum, John Jamir Benzon R. Aruta, Mujeeba Ashraf, Aiste Bakaityte, Chongzeng BiMaja Becker, Michael Bender, Dashamir Berxulli, Janine Bosak, Serena Daalmans, Justine Dandy, Soledad de Lemus, Nikolay Dvorianchikov, Edgardo Etchezahar, Laura Froehlich, Alin Gavreliuc, Dana Gavreliuc, Angel Gomez, Hedy Greijdanus, Ani Grigoryan, Miriam-Linnea Hale, Hannah Hamer, Vera Hoorens, Paul B. Hutchings, Dorthe Hoj Jensen, Kaltrina Kelmendi, Narine Khachatryan, Mary Kinahan, Desiree Kozlowski, Mary Anne Lauri, Junyi Li, Angela T. Maitner, Ana Makashvili, Tiziana Mancini, Sarah E. Martiny, Jasna Milosevic Dordevic, Eva Moreno-Bella, Silvia Moscatelli, Andrew Bryan Moynihan, Dominique Muller, Danielle Ochoa, Sulaiman Olanrewaju Adebayo, Maria Giuseppina Pacilli, Jorge Palacio, Snigdha Patnaik, Vassilis Pavlopoulos, Ivana Piterova, Angelica Puzio, Joanna Pyrkosz-Pacyna, Erico Renteria-Perez, Tiphaine Rousseaux, Mario Sainz, Marco Salvati, Adil Samekin, Efrain Garcia-Sanchez, Simon Schindler, Sara Sherbaji, Rosita Sobhie, Dijana Sulejmanovic, Katie E. Sullivan, Beatriz Torre, Claudio Torres, Joaquin Ungaretti, Timothy Valshtein, Colette Van Laar, Jolanda van der Noll, Vadym Vasiutynskyi, Neharika Vohra, Antonella Ludmila Zapata-Calvente, Rita Zukauskiene

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Men sometimes withdraw support for gender equality movements when their higher gender status is threatened. Here, we expand the focus of this phenomenon by examining it cross-culturally, to test if both individual- and country-level variables predict men's collective action intentions to support gender equality. We tested a model in which men's zero-sum beliefs about gender predict reduced collective action intentions via an increase in hostile sexism. Because country-level gender equality may threaten men's higher gender status, we also examined whether the path from zero-sum beliefs to collective action intentions was stronger in countries higher in gender equality. Multilevel modeling on 6,734 men from 42 countries supported the individual-level mediation model, but found no evidence of moderation by country-level gender equality. Both country-level gender equality and individual-level zero-sum thinking independently predicted reductions in men's willingness to act collectively for gender equality.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020

Keywords

  • ally behaviour
  • collective action
  • culture
  • gender inequality
  • hostile sexism
  • status threats
  • COLLECTIVE ACTION
  • DIFFERENTIATING HOSTILE
  • MEASUREMENT INVARIANCE
  • POLITICAL SOLIDARITY
  • AMBIVALENT SEXISM
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • WOMEN
  • DISCRIMINATION
  • INVENTORY
  • SELF

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