Criminele families in Noord-Brabant

Over generatie-effecten in de zware criminaliteit

Translated title of the contribution: Criminal family networks in North Brabant : Generation effects in organized crime

Hans Moors, Antonius Spapens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

This article on intergenerational transmission of crime in families is based on a study of seven families of which at least one member held a key position in an organized crime group. The authors retrieved information on at least three generations (preceding and succeeding this key member’s generation) to investigate whether transmissions occurred, and if so, how these might be explained. Throughout the generations, the majority of family members indeed have criminal records. However, it seems to be less easy to transfer criminal leadership in organized crime from one generation to the next. Leading a criminal group seems to demand qualities that are not transferred easily. Successful successors appear to be able to establish their own networks within the deviant subcultures from which they stem. This also explains the persistence of criminal behaviour: both men and women select their friends and partners from these closed communities and seem to prefer for their social and love relationships those who have already developed substantial criminal track records. Organized crime families in North Brabant took advantage of criminal opportunities that were presented to them over the years. Particularly XTC production, starting in the 1990s, allowed them to step up their criminal activities from the local to the global level. In addition, they may have capitalized on a moral economy with sentiments of subordination present in the province of North Brabant, dating back to the seventeenth century, which resulted in a more reserved attitude towards authorities than in other parts of the Netherlands. Finally, law enforcement agencies have been generally slow to respond to developments in criminal opportunities that benefited these seven families.
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)75-88
Number of pages14
JournalJustitiële verkenningen: Documentatieblad van het Ministerie van Justitie
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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organized crime
criminality
subculture
seventeenth century
law enforcement
family member
persistence
love
Netherlands
Group
offense
leadership
economy
present
demand
community

Cite this

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title = "Criminele families in Noord-Brabant: Over generatie-effecten in de zware criminaliteit",
abstract = "This article on intergenerational transmission of crime in families is based on a study of seven families of which at least one member held a key position in an organized crime group. The authors retrieved information on at least three generations (preceding and succeeding this key member’s generation) to investigate whether transmissions occurred, and if so, how these might be explained. Throughout the generations, the majority of family members indeed have criminal records. However, it seems to be less easy to transfer criminal leadership in organized crime from one generation to the next. Leading a criminal group seems to demand qualities that are not transferred easily. Successful successors appear to be able to establish their own networks within the deviant subcultures from which they stem. This also explains the persistence of criminal behaviour: both men and women select their friends and partners from these closed communities and seem to prefer for their social and love relationships those who have already developed substantial criminal track records. Organized crime families in North Brabant took advantage of criminal opportunities that were presented to them over the years. Particularly XTC production, starting in the 1990s, allowed them to step up their criminal activities from the local to the global level. In addition, they may have capitalized on a moral economy with sentiments of subordination present in the province of North Brabant, dating back to the seventeenth century, which resulted in a more reserved attitude towards authorities than in other parts of the Netherlands. Finally, law enforcement agencies have been generally slow to respond to developments in criminal opportunities that benefited these seven families.",
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Criminele families in Noord-Brabant : Over generatie-effecten in de zware criminaliteit. / Moors, Hans; Spapens, Antonius.

In: Justitiële verkenningen: Documentatieblad van het Ministerie van Justitie, Vol. 43, No. 2, 2017, p. 75-88.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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