TY - JOUR

T1 - Critical percolation on scale-free random graphs: New universality class for the configuration model

AU - Dhara, Souvik

AU - Van Der Hofstad, Remco

AU - Van Leeuwaarden, Johan S.H.

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - In this paper, we study the critical behavior of percolation on a configuration model with degree distribution satisfying an infinite second-moment condition, which includes power-law degrees with exponent τ∈(2,3). It is well known that, in this regime, many canonical random graph models, such as the configuration model, are robust in the sense that the giant component is not destroyed when the percolation probability stays bounded away from zero. Thus, the critical behavior is observed when the percolation probability tends to zero with the network size, despite of the fact that the average degree remains bounded. In this paper, we initiate the study of critical random graphs in the infinite second-moment regime by identifying the critical window for the configuration model. We prove scaling limits for component sizes and surplus edges, and show that the maximum diameter the critical components is of order logn, which contrasts with the previous universality classes arising in the literature. This introduces a third and novel universality class for the critical behavior of percolation on random networks, that is not covered by the multiplicative coalescent framework due to Aldous and Limic (Electron J Probab 3(3):1–59, 1998). We also prove concentration of the component sizes outside the critical window, and that a unique, complex giant component emerges after the critical window. This completes the picture for the percolation phase transition on the configuration model.

AB - In this paper, we study the critical behavior of percolation on a configuration model with degree distribution satisfying an infinite second-moment condition, which includes power-law degrees with exponent τ∈(2,3). It is well known that, in this regime, many canonical random graph models, such as the configuration model, are robust in the sense that the giant component is not destroyed when the percolation probability stays bounded away from zero. Thus, the critical behavior is observed when the percolation probability tends to zero with the network size, despite of the fact that the average degree remains bounded. In this paper, we initiate the study of critical random graphs in the infinite second-moment regime by identifying the critical window for the configuration model. We prove scaling limits for component sizes and surplus edges, and show that the maximum diameter the critical components is of order logn, which contrasts with the previous universality classes arising in the literature. This introduces a third and novel universality class for the critical behavior of percolation on random networks, that is not covered by the multiplicative coalescent framework due to Aldous and Limic (Electron J Probab 3(3):1–59, 1998). We also prove concentration of the component sizes outside the critical window, and that a unique, complex giant component emerges after the critical window. This completes the picture for the percolation phase transition on the configuration model.

U2 - 10.1007/s00220-021-03957-8

DO - 10.1007/s00220-021-03957-8

M3 - Article

SN - 0010-3616

VL - 382

SP - 123

EP - 171

JO - Communications in Mathematical Physics

JF - Communications in Mathematical Physics

IS - 1

ER -