Deceived and Exploited: Classifying the Practice as Human Trafficking

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


The trafficking trajectories taken by Eritreans to Libya are highly organised by a network of actors across the Horn of Africa. The practices described by the refugees and migrants who have taken these perilous journeys include recruitment by deception, fraud and force. Payments are extracted using torture while victims are detained in ‘warehouses’ and ‘stores’. The purpose of these practices is clearly to exploit people who are vulnerable for financial gain and force them to engage in begging. This chapter argues that the practice satisfies the elements of the crime of human trafficking and that fulfils the elements that constitute human trafficking for ransom.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnslaved.
Subtitle of host publicationTrapped and Trafficked in Digital Black Holes: Human Trafficking Trajectories to Libya.
EditorsMirjam Van Reisen, Munyaradzi Mawere, Klara Smits, Morgane Wirtz
Place of PublicationBamenda
PublisherLangaa RPCIG
Number of pages60
ISBN (Print)9789956553129
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Human trafficking
  • Refugees
  • Trajectories
  • Human rights abuses
  • Ransom
  • Migration
  • Sudan
  • Borders


Dive into the research topics of 'Deceived and Exploited: Classifying the Practice as Human Trafficking'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this