Democratic transition and transparency reform

An fsQCA analysis of access to information laws in twenty-three countries

Alex Ingrams*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The connection between democracy and transparency would appear to be strong. Democratic countries have been among the earliest adopters of new legislation in transparency reforms such as access to information (ATI) laws. However, research has not yet tested the connection in the context of democratic reform where transitioning countries have the option to adopt ATI laws, and yet may, nevertheless, neglect or delay passage of such laws. To address this question, this paper uses Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) with 23 countries that are in democratic transition in the fourth wave of democratic transition in the 21st century. The results show that low political competition in conjunction with strong civil society, regional pressure and recognition of international norms is favourable to ATI adoption. In contrast, the non-ATI adopters have encountered high political competition coupled with low regional pressure, weak international norms, and weak press freedoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-436
Number of pages9
JournalGovernment Information Quarterly
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Democratic transition
  • Access to information
  • Transparency
  • Political competition
  • Qualitative comparative analysis
  • E-GOVERNMENT
  • ECONOMIC-DEVELOPMENT
  • CIVIL-SERVICE
  • ACCOUNTABILITY
  • INSTITUTIONS
  • GOVERNANCE
  • INVESTMENT
  • RISE
  • FOUNDATIONS
  • PERCEPTIONS

Cite this

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title = "Democratic transition and transparency reform: An fsQCA analysis of access to information laws in twenty-three countries",
abstract = "The connection between democracy and transparency would appear to be strong. Democratic countries have been among the earliest adopters of new legislation in transparency reforms such as access to information (ATI) laws. However, research has not yet tested the connection in the context of democratic reform where transitioning countries have the option to adopt ATI laws, and yet may, nevertheless, neglect or delay passage of such laws. To address this question, this paper uses Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) with 23 countries that are in democratic transition in the fourth wave of democratic transition in the 21st century. The results show that low political competition in conjunction with strong civil society, regional pressure and recognition of international norms is favourable to ATI adoption. In contrast, the non-ATI adopters have encountered high political competition coupled with low regional pressure, weak international norms, and weak press freedoms.",
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author = "Alex Ingrams",
year = "2018",
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language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "428--436",
journal = "Government Information Quarterly",
issn = "0740-624X",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
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}

Democratic transition and transparency reform : An fsQCA analysis of access to information laws in twenty-three countries. / Ingrams, Alex.

In: Government Information Quarterly, Vol. 35, No. 3, 09.2018, p. 428-436.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Democratic transition and transparency reform

T2 - An fsQCA analysis of access to information laws in twenty-three countries

AU - Ingrams, Alex

PY - 2018/9

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N2 - The connection between democracy and transparency would appear to be strong. Democratic countries have been among the earliest adopters of new legislation in transparency reforms such as access to information (ATI) laws. However, research has not yet tested the connection in the context of democratic reform where transitioning countries have the option to adopt ATI laws, and yet may, nevertheless, neglect or delay passage of such laws. To address this question, this paper uses Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) with 23 countries that are in democratic transition in the fourth wave of democratic transition in the 21st century. The results show that low political competition in conjunction with strong civil society, regional pressure and recognition of international norms is favourable to ATI adoption. In contrast, the non-ATI adopters have encountered high political competition coupled with low regional pressure, weak international norms, and weak press freedoms.

AB - The connection between democracy and transparency would appear to be strong. Democratic countries have been among the earliest adopters of new legislation in transparency reforms such as access to information (ATI) laws. However, research has not yet tested the connection in the context of democratic reform where transitioning countries have the option to adopt ATI laws, and yet may, nevertheless, neglect or delay passage of such laws. To address this question, this paper uses Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) with 23 countries that are in democratic transition in the fourth wave of democratic transition in the 21st century. The results show that low political competition in conjunction with strong civil society, regional pressure and recognition of international norms is favourable to ATI adoption. In contrast, the non-ATI adopters have encountered high political competition coupled with low regional pressure, weak international norms, and weak press freedoms.

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KW - CIVIL-SERVICE

KW - ACCOUNTABILITY

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KW - GOVERNANCE

KW - INVESTMENT

KW - RISE

KW - FOUNDATIONS

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