Depression and violence in adolescence and young adults: Findings from three longitudinal cohorts

Rongqin Yu, Mikko Aaltonen, Susan Branje, Tiina Ristikari, W.H.J. Meeus, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Guy M. Goodwin, Seena Fazel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective:

Despite recent research demonstrating associations between violence and depression in adults, links in adolescents are uncertain. This study aims to assess the longitudinal associations between young people's depression and later violent outcomes.

Method:

We used data from three cohorts with different measurements of depression exposures and subsequent violent outcomes. In a Dutch community cohort Research on Adolescent Development And Relationships (RADAR; N = 623) and a population-based British birth cohort Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; N = 4,030), we examined the longitudinal links between adolescent depressive symptoms and violent behaviors from age 13 to 17 years. In a total Finnish birth cohort (FBC 1987; N = 57,526), we estimated risk of violent convictions in individuals clinically diagnosed with depression from age 15 to 27 years.

Results:

During a mean follow-up period of 4 years, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of violent behaviors per unit of increase in depressive symptoms was 1.7 (95% CI = 1.2-2.5) in the Dutch RADAR community sample and 1.8 (95% CI = 1.4-2.3) in the British ALSPAC birth cohort. In the FBC 1987 cohort, the aOR of violent convictions was 2.1 (95% CI = 1.7-2.7) among individuals with a depression diagnosis compared with general population controls without depression. All risk estimates were adjusted for family socioeconomic status and previous violence.

Conclusion:

Consistent findings across three longitudinal studies suggest that clinical guidelines should consider recommending risk assessment for violence in young people with depression. The benefits of targeting risk management in subgroups by gender need further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-658
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume56
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • depression
  • violence
  • adolescents and young adults
  • longitudinal
  • birth cohort
  • MENTAL-DISORDERS
  • BIPOLAR DISORDER
  • CONDUCT PROBLEMS
  • BIRTH COHORT
  • CHILDREN
  • POPULATION
  • HEALTH
  • CRIME
  • VICTIMIZATION
  • COMORBIDITY

Cite this

Yu, R., Aaltonen, M., Branje, S., Ristikari, T., Meeus, W. H. J., Salmela-Aro, K., Goodwin, G. M., & Fazel, S. (2017). Depression and violence in adolescence and young adults: Findings from three longitudinal cohorts. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(8), 652-658. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2017.05.016