Depressive symptoms and the experience of pleasure in daily life: An exploration of associations in early and late adolescence

E. van Roekel, Elise C. Bennik, Jojanneke A. Bastiaansen, Maaike Verhagen, Johan Ormel, Rutger C. M. E. Engels, Albertine J. Oldehinkel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Although loss of pleasure (i.e., anhedonia) is one of the two core symptoms of depression, very little research has examined the relation between depressive symptoms and the experience of pleasure in daily life. This exploratory study in two population-based adolescent samples aimed to examine how depressive symptoms and anhedonia specifically were related to (1) the proportion and intensity of positive events, (2) mean and variability of positive affect (PA), (3) reactivity to positive events, and (4) reactivity to PA (i.e., whether PA elicits positive events). We used Experience Sampling to measure positive events and PA several times a day during 6 to 14 days in early (N = 284) and late (N = 74) adolescents. Results showed that depressive symptoms were related to a lower proportion and intensity of positive events, lower mean PA, and higher variability in PA regardless of sex and stage of adolescence. No clear evidence was found for differential reactivity to positive events or to PA. Anhedonia was not associated with most daily life experiences of pleasure. Our findings, though preliminary, suggest that although adolescents with many depressive symptoms experience less positive events and lower PA, they are able to enjoy pleasurable events to the same extent as individuals with fewer depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)999-1009
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

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Pleasure
Depression
Anhedonia
Life Change Events

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Anhedonia
  • Experience sampling method
  • Daily life pleasure
  • ECOLOGICAL MOMENTARY ASSESSMENT
  • EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • NEURAL RESPONSE
  • DISORDER
  • INERTIA
  • REWARD
  • PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
  • VARIABILITY
  • INSTABILITY

Cite this

van Roekel, E. ; Bennik, Elise C. ; Bastiaansen, Jojanneke A. ; Verhagen, Maaike ; Ormel, Johan ; Engels, Rutger C. M. E. ; Oldehinkel, Albertine J. / Depressive symptoms and the experience of pleasure in daily life : An exploration of associations in early and late adolescence. In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 2016 ; Vol. 44, No. 5. pp. 999-1009.
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Depressive symptoms and the experience of pleasure in daily life : An exploration of associations in early and late adolescence. / van Roekel, E.; Bennik, Elise C.; Bastiaansen, Jojanneke A.; Verhagen, Maaike; Ormel, Johan; Engels, Rutger C. M. E.; Oldehinkel, Albertine J.

In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 44, No. 5, 07.2016, p. 999-1009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Depressive symptoms and the experience of pleasure in daily life

T2 - An exploration of associations in early and late adolescence

AU - van Roekel, E.

AU - Bennik, Elise C.

AU - Bastiaansen, Jojanneke A.

AU - Verhagen, Maaike

AU - Ormel, Johan

AU - Engels, Rutger C. M. E.

AU - Oldehinkel, Albertine J.

PY - 2016/7

Y1 - 2016/7

N2 - Although loss of pleasure (i.e., anhedonia) is one of the two core symptoms of depression, very little research has examined the relation between depressive symptoms and the experience of pleasure in daily life. This exploratory study in two population-based adolescent samples aimed to examine how depressive symptoms and anhedonia specifically were related to (1) the proportion and intensity of positive events, (2) mean and variability of positive affect (PA), (3) reactivity to positive events, and (4) reactivity to PA (i.e., whether PA elicits positive events). We used Experience Sampling to measure positive events and PA several times a day during 6 to 14 days in early (N = 284) and late (N = 74) adolescents. Results showed that depressive symptoms were related to a lower proportion and intensity of positive events, lower mean PA, and higher variability in PA regardless of sex and stage of adolescence. No clear evidence was found for differential reactivity to positive events or to PA. Anhedonia was not associated with most daily life experiences of pleasure. Our findings, though preliminary, suggest that although adolescents with many depressive symptoms experience less positive events and lower PA, they are able to enjoy pleasurable events to the same extent as individuals with fewer depressive symptoms.

AB - Although loss of pleasure (i.e., anhedonia) is one of the two core symptoms of depression, very little research has examined the relation between depressive symptoms and the experience of pleasure in daily life. This exploratory study in two population-based adolescent samples aimed to examine how depressive symptoms and anhedonia specifically were related to (1) the proportion and intensity of positive events, (2) mean and variability of positive affect (PA), (3) reactivity to positive events, and (4) reactivity to PA (i.e., whether PA elicits positive events). We used Experience Sampling to measure positive events and PA several times a day during 6 to 14 days in early (N = 284) and late (N = 74) adolescents. Results showed that depressive symptoms were related to a lower proportion and intensity of positive events, lower mean PA, and higher variability in PA regardless of sex and stage of adolescence. No clear evidence was found for differential reactivity to positive events or to PA. Anhedonia was not associated with most daily life experiences of pleasure. Our findings, though preliminary, suggest that although adolescents with many depressive symptoms experience less positive events and lower PA, they are able to enjoy pleasurable events to the same extent as individuals with fewer depressive symptoms.

KW - Adolescence

KW - Depressive symptoms

KW - Anhedonia

KW - Experience sampling method

KW - Daily life pleasure

KW - ECOLOGICAL MOMENTARY ASSESSMENT

KW - EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE

KW - GENDER-DIFFERENCES

KW - NEURAL RESPONSE

KW - DISORDER

KW - INERTIA

KW - REWARD

KW - PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

KW - VARIABILITY

KW - INSTABILITY

U2 - 10.1007/s10802-015-0090-z

DO - 10.1007/s10802-015-0090-z

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 999

EP - 1009

JO - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

JF - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

SN - 0091-0627

IS - 5

ER -