Depressive symptoms in university freshmen: Longitudinal relations with contingent self-esteem and level of self-esteem

S. Wouters, B. Duriez, K. Luykx, T.A. Klimstra, H. Colpin, B. Soenens, K. Verschueren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study tested longitudinal relations between depressive symptoms and two aspects of self-esteem in university freshmen: (1) students’ level of self-esteem, and (2) the degree to which students’ self-esteem is dependent on meeting particular standards (i.e., contingent self-esteem). Using three-wave longitudinal data (N = 494), possible vulnerability as well as scar effects were tested. Results showed that both aspects of self-esteem increased the vulnerability for depressive symptoms. However, contingent self-esteem only predicted higher subsequent levels of depressive symptoms when not controlling for self-esteem level. In contrast, level of self-esteem was a unique predictor for depressive symptoms.
Keywords: Contingent self-esteem, Self-esteem level, Depression, Longitudinal,
University freshmen
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-363
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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