Development and validation of the forms of self criticizing attacking and self reassuring scale: Short form

M. Sommers-Spijkerman, H.R. Trompetter, P. Ten Klooster, K. Schreurs, P. Gilbert, E. Bohlmeijer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Studies investigating the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) are growing rapidly. As CFT is oriented toward helping people deal with internal processes of self-to-self-relating, having instruments to measure these processes is important. The 22-item Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) has been found a useful measure. In the present study, a 14-item short form of the FSCRS (FSCRS-SF) suited to studies requiring brief measures was developed and tested in a Dutch community sample (N = 363), and cross-validated in a sample consisting of participants in a study on the effectiveness of a guided self-help compassion training (N = 243). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated acceptable to good fit of the FSCRS-SF items to a three-factor model. Findings regarding internal consistency were inconsistent, with Study 1 showing adequate internal consistency for all subscale scores and Study 2 demonstrating satisfactory internal consistency only for the reassured self (RS) subscale score. Furthermore, the results showed that the FSCRS-SF subscale scores had adequate test-retest reliability and satisfactory convergent validity estimates with theoretically related constructs. In addition, the FSCRS-SF subscale scores were found to be sensitive to changes in self-to-self relating over time. Despite mixed findings regarding its reliability requiring further investigation, the FSCRS-SF offers a valid and sensitive measure which shows promise as a complimentary shorter version to the original FSCRS suited to nonclinical populations. Given that the FSCRS is increasingly used as a process and outcome measure, further research on this short form in nonclinical and clinical populations is warranted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-743
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Process Assessment (Health Care)
Statistical Factor Analysis

Keywords

  • COMPASSION-FOCUSED THERAPY
  • CONFIRMATORY FACTOR-ANALYSIS
  • CRITICISM
  • DEPRESSION SCALE
  • FIT INDEXES
  • HOSPITAL ANXIETY
  • MENTAL-HEALTH CONTINUUM
  • MODEL
  • PERCEIVED STRESS
  • PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES
  • psychometric properties
  • questionnaire
  • self-criticism
  • self-reassurance
  • short form

Cite this

Sommers-Spijkerman, M. ; Trompetter, H.R. ; Ten Klooster, P. ; Schreurs, K. ; Gilbert, P. ; Bohlmeijer, E. / Development and validation of the forms of self criticizing attacking and self reassuring scale : Short form. In: Psychological Assessment. 2018 ; Vol. 30, No. 6. pp. 729-743.
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abstract = "Studies investigating the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) are growing rapidly. As CFT is oriented toward helping people deal with internal processes of self-to-self-relating, having instruments to measure these processes is important. The 22-item Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) has been found a useful measure. In the present study, a 14-item short form of the FSCRS (FSCRS-SF) suited to studies requiring brief measures was developed and tested in a Dutch community sample (N = 363), and cross-validated in a sample consisting of participants in a study on the effectiveness of a guided self-help compassion training (N = 243). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated acceptable to good fit of the FSCRS-SF items to a three-factor model. Findings regarding internal consistency were inconsistent, with Study 1 showing adequate internal consistency for all subscale scores and Study 2 demonstrating satisfactory internal consistency only for the reassured self (RS) subscale score. Furthermore, the results showed that the FSCRS-SF subscale scores had adequate test-retest reliability and satisfactory convergent validity estimates with theoretically related constructs. In addition, the FSCRS-SF subscale scores were found to be sensitive to changes in self-to-self relating over time. Despite mixed findings regarding its reliability requiring further investigation, the FSCRS-SF offers a valid and sensitive measure which shows promise as a complimentary shorter version to the original FSCRS suited to nonclinical populations. Given that the FSCRS is increasingly used as a process and outcome measure, further research on this short form in nonclinical and clinical populations is warranted.",
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Development and validation of the forms of self criticizing attacking and self reassuring scale : Short form. / Sommers-Spijkerman, M.; Trompetter, H.R.; Ten Klooster, P.; Schreurs, K.; Gilbert, P.; Bohlmeijer, E.

In: Psychological Assessment, Vol. 30, No. 6, 2018, p. 729-743.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Development and validation of the forms of self criticizing attacking and self reassuring scale

T2 - Short form

AU - Sommers-Spijkerman, M.

AU - Trompetter, H.R.

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AU - Schreurs, K.

AU - Gilbert, P.

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AB - Studies investigating the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) are growing rapidly. As CFT is oriented toward helping people deal with internal processes of self-to-self-relating, having instruments to measure these processes is important. The 22-item Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) has been found a useful measure. In the present study, a 14-item short form of the FSCRS (FSCRS-SF) suited to studies requiring brief measures was developed and tested in a Dutch community sample (N = 363), and cross-validated in a sample consisting of participants in a study on the effectiveness of a guided self-help compassion training (N = 243). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated acceptable to good fit of the FSCRS-SF items to a three-factor model. Findings regarding internal consistency were inconsistent, with Study 1 showing adequate internal consistency for all subscale scores and Study 2 demonstrating satisfactory internal consistency only for the reassured self (RS) subscale score. Furthermore, the results showed that the FSCRS-SF subscale scores had adequate test-retest reliability and satisfactory convergent validity estimates with theoretically related constructs. In addition, the FSCRS-SF subscale scores were found to be sensitive to changes in self-to-self relating over time. Despite mixed findings regarding its reliability requiring further investigation, the FSCRS-SF offers a valid and sensitive measure which shows promise as a complimentary shorter version to the original FSCRS suited to nonclinical populations. Given that the FSCRS is increasingly used as a process and outcome measure, further research on this short form in nonclinical and clinical populations is warranted.

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KW - HOSPITAL ANXIETY

KW - MENTAL-HEALTH CONTINUUM

KW - MODEL

KW - PERCEIVED STRESS

KW - PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES

KW - psychometric properties

KW - questionnaire

KW - self-criticism

KW - self-reassurance

KW - short form

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DO - 10.1037/pas0000514

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SN - 1040-3590

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