Development and validation of the motivations for selection of medical study (MSMS) questionnaire in India

Sonu Goel*, Federica Angeli, Neetu Singla, Dirk Ruwaard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objective

Understanding medical students' motivation to select medical studies is particularly salient to inform practice and policymaking in countries-such as India-where shortage of medical personnel poses crucial and chronical challenges to healthcare systems. This study aims to develop and validate a questionnaire to assess the motivation of medical students to select medical studies.

Methods

A Motivation for Selection of Medical Study (MSMS) questionnaire was developed using extensive literature review followed by Delphi technique. The scale consisted of 12 items, 5 measuring intrinsic dimensions of motivations and 7 measuring extrinsic dimensions. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), validity, reliability and data quality checks were conducted on a sample of 636 medical students from six medical colleges of three North Indian states.

Results

The MSMS questionnaire consisted of 3 factors (subscales) and 8 items. The three principal factors that emerged after EFA were the scientific factor (e.g. research opportunities and the ability to use new cutting edge technologies), the societal factor (e.g. job security) and the humanitarian factor (e.g. desire to help others). The CFA conducted showed goodness of -fit indices supporting the 3-factor model.

Conclusion

The three extracted factors cut across the traditional dichotomy between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and uncover a novel three-faceted motivation construct based on scientific factors, societal expectations and humanitarian needs. This validated instrument can be used to evaluate the motivational factors of medical students to choose medical study in India and similar settings and constitutes a powerful tool for policymakers to design measures able to increase selection of medical curricula.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0164581
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CAREER CHOICE
  • STUDENTS
  • MIGRATION
  • EDUCATION
  • ASPIRATIONS
  • AMOTIVATION
  • SPECIALTY
  • VALIDITY
  • SCHOOL
  • SCALE

Cite this

Goel, Sonu ; Angeli, Federica ; Singla, Neetu ; Ruwaard, Dirk. / Development and validation of the motivations for selection of medical study (MSMS) questionnaire in India. In: PLoS ONE. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 12.
@article{7731dfb28a2446058bf993d833cfa259,
title = "Development and validation of the motivations for selection of medical study (MSMS) questionnaire in India",
abstract = "Background and ObjectiveUnderstanding medical students' motivation to select medical studies is particularly salient to inform practice and policymaking in countries-such as India-where shortage of medical personnel poses crucial and chronical challenges to healthcare systems. This study aims to develop and validate a questionnaire to assess the motivation of medical students to select medical studies.MethodsA Motivation for Selection of Medical Study (MSMS) questionnaire was developed using extensive literature review followed by Delphi technique. The scale consisted of 12 items, 5 measuring intrinsic dimensions of motivations and 7 measuring extrinsic dimensions. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), validity, reliability and data quality checks were conducted on a sample of 636 medical students from six medical colleges of three North Indian states.ResultsThe MSMS questionnaire consisted of 3 factors (subscales) and 8 items. The three principal factors that emerged after EFA were the scientific factor (e.g. research opportunities and the ability to use new cutting edge technologies), the societal factor (e.g. job security) and the humanitarian factor (e.g. desire to help others). The CFA conducted showed goodness of -fit indices supporting the 3-factor model.ConclusionThe three extracted factors cut across the traditional dichotomy between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and uncover a novel three-faceted motivation construct based on scientific factors, societal expectations and humanitarian needs. This validated instrument can be used to evaluate the motivational factors of medical students to choose medical study in India and similar settings and constitutes a powerful tool for policymakers to design measures able to increase selection of medical curricula.",
keywords = "CAREER CHOICE, STUDENTS, MIGRATION, EDUCATION, ASPIRATIONS, AMOTIVATION, SPECIALTY, VALIDITY, SCHOOL, SCALE",
author = "Sonu Goel and Federica Angeli and Neetu Singla and Dirk Ruwaard",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0164581",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "PLoS ONE",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE",
number = "12",

}

Development and validation of the motivations for selection of medical study (MSMS) questionnaire in India. / Goel, Sonu; Angeli, Federica; Singla, Neetu; Ruwaard, Dirk.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 11, No. 12, 0164581, 20.12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development and validation of the motivations for selection of medical study (MSMS) questionnaire in India

AU - Goel, Sonu

AU - Angeli, Federica

AU - Singla, Neetu

AU - Ruwaard, Dirk

PY - 2016/12/20

Y1 - 2016/12/20

N2 - Background and ObjectiveUnderstanding medical students' motivation to select medical studies is particularly salient to inform practice and policymaking in countries-such as India-where shortage of medical personnel poses crucial and chronical challenges to healthcare systems. This study aims to develop and validate a questionnaire to assess the motivation of medical students to select medical studies.MethodsA Motivation for Selection of Medical Study (MSMS) questionnaire was developed using extensive literature review followed by Delphi technique. The scale consisted of 12 items, 5 measuring intrinsic dimensions of motivations and 7 measuring extrinsic dimensions. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), validity, reliability and data quality checks were conducted on a sample of 636 medical students from six medical colleges of three North Indian states.ResultsThe MSMS questionnaire consisted of 3 factors (subscales) and 8 items. The three principal factors that emerged after EFA were the scientific factor (e.g. research opportunities and the ability to use new cutting edge technologies), the societal factor (e.g. job security) and the humanitarian factor (e.g. desire to help others). The CFA conducted showed goodness of -fit indices supporting the 3-factor model.ConclusionThe three extracted factors cut across the traditional dichotomy between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and uncover a novel three-faceted motivation construct based on scientific factors, societal expectations and humanitarian needs. This validated instrument can be used to evaluate the motivational factors of medical students to choose medical study in India and similar settings and constitutes a powerful tool for policymakers to design measures able to increase selection of medical curricula.

AB - Background and ObjectiveUnderstanding medical students' motivation to select medical studies is particularly salient to inform practice and policymaking in countries-such as India-where shortage of medical personnel poses crucial and chronical challenges to healthcare systems. This study aims to develop and validate a questionnaire to assess the motivation of medical students to select medical studies.MethodsA Motivation for Selection of Medical Study (MSMS) questionnaire was developed using extensive literature review followed by Delphi technique. The scale consisted of 12 items, 5 measuring intrinsic dimensions of motivations and 7 measuring extrinsic dimensions. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), validity, reliability and data quality checks were conducted on a sample of 636 medical students from six medical colleges of three North Indian states.ResultsThe MSMS questionnaire consisted of 3 factors (subscales) and 8 items. The three principal factors that emerged after EFA were the scientific factor (e.g. research opportunities and the ability to use new cutting edge technologies), the societal factor (e.g. job security) and the humanitarian factor (e.g. desire to help others). The CFA conducted showed goodness of -fit indices supporting the 3-factor model.ConclusionThe three extracted factors cut across the traditional dichotomy between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and uncover a novel three-faceted motivation construct based on scientific factors, societal expectations and humanitarian needs. This validated instrument can be used to evaluate the motivational factors of medical students to choose medical study in India and similar settings and constitutes a powerful tool for policymakers to design measures able to increase selection of medical curricula.

KW - CAREER CHOICE

KW - STUDENTS

KW - MIGRATION

KW - EDUCATION

KW - ASPIRATIONS

KW - AMOTIVATION

KW - SPECIALTY

KW - VALIDITY

KW - SCHOOL

KW - SCALE

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0164581

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0164581

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - PLoS ONE

JF - PLoS ONE

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 12

M1 - 0164581

ER -