Diffusion of a social norm: Tracing the emergence of the housewife in the Netherlands, 1812-1922

F. van Poppel, H.P. van Dalen, E.C. Walhout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The emergence of the housewife in the Netherlands over the period 1812–1922 was strongly influenced by the social norm that women should withdraw from the labour market on the eve of marriage. Adherence to this norm is most clearly reflected in the emergence of the housewife among the lower classes, especially at the close of the nineteenth century among wives of farmers. Women in urban municipalities, however, set the norm far earlier and differences across social classes were significantly greater in towns than in rural areas. Paradoxically, the rise of the housewife did not change work pressures for lower‐class women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-127
JournalEconomic History Review
Volume62
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Social Norms
The Netherlands
Social norms
Adherence
Marriage
Rural Areas
Municipalities
Lower Class
Wives
Labour Market
Farmers
Rise
Rural areas
Work pressure
Labour market

Cite this

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title = "Diffusion of a social norm: Tracing the emergence of the housewife in the Netherlands, 1812-1922",
abstract = "The emergence of the housewife in the Netherlands over the period 1812–1922 was strongly influenced by the social norm that women should withdraw from the labour market on the eve of marriage. Adherence to this norm is most clearly reflected in the emergence of the housewife among the lower classes, especially at the close of the nineteenth century among wives of farmers. Women in urban municipalities, however, set the norm far earlier and differences across social classes were significantly greater in towns than in rural areas. Paradoxically, the rise of the housewife did not change work pressures for lower‐class women.",
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Diffusion of a social norm : Tracing the emergence of the housewife in the Netherlands, 1812-1922. / van Poppel, F.; van Dalen, H.P.; Walhout, E.C.

In: Economic History Review, Vol. 62, No. 1, 2009, p. 99-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - The emergence of the housewife in the Netherlands over the period 1812–1922 was strongly influenced by the social norm that women should withdraw from the labour market on the eve of marriage. Adherence to this norm is most clearly reflected in the emergence of the housewife among the lower classes, especially at the close of the nineteenth century among wives of farmers. Women in urban municipalities, however, set the norm far earlier and differences across social classes were significantly greater in towns than in rural areas. Paradoxically, the rise of the housewife did not change work pressures for lower‐class women.

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