Dimensions of cultural consumption among tourists: Multiple correspondence analysis

G.W. Richards, L.A. van der Ark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The cultural tourism market has diversified and fragmented into many different niches. Previous attempts to segment cultural tourists have been largely unidimensional, failing to capture the complexity of cultural production and consumption. We employ multiple correspondence analysis to visualize the relationship between cultural consumers and attractions in a large data set (n = 12,905). This indicates that two dimensions describing the ranges between ‘static’ and ‘dynamic’ attractions and ‘high-brow’ and ‘low brow’ culture effectively discriminate different groups of arts and heritage tourists. The holiday structure itself seems to provide a context that influences the cultural consumption of actors. Thus higher levels of cultural capital are related to more accessible forms of culture, contrary to theoretical expectations. There is also evidence of the development of a cultural tourism ‘travel career’ with more dynamic cultural forms being characteristic of younger tourists and more high brow and static forms of culture being consumed in later life by those with higher levels of cultural capital.
Highlights
► Multiple correspondence analysis used to visualise cultural tourism market segments.
► Demonstrates advantages of multidimensional segmentation.
► Identifies static and dynamic dimensions of cultural consumption.
► Distinguishes art and heritage tourists.
► Cultural capital inversely related to accessibility of cultural forms.
Keywords: Cultural tourism, Heritage tourism, Arts tourism, Cultural attractions,
Cultural events, Segmentation, Multiple correspondence analysis
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-76
JournalTourism Management
Volume37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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cultural behavior
heritage tourism
correspondence analysis
tourist
Tourism
cultural capital
art
tourism market
segmentation
cultural event
holiday
market
accessibility
consumption
Tourists
Correspondence analysis
Cultural tourism
niche
travel
career

Cite this

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title = "Dimensions of cultural consumption among tourists: Multiple correspondence analysis",
abstract = "The cultural tourism market has diversified and fragmented into many different niches. Previous attempts to segment cultural tourists have been largely unidimensional, failing to capture the complexity of cultural production and consumption. We employ multiple correspondence analysis to visualize the relationship between cultural consumers and attractions in a large data set (n = 12,905). This indicates that two dimensions describing the ranges between ‘static’ and ‘dynamic’ attractions and ‘high-brow’ and ‘low brow’ culture effectively discriminate different groups of arts and heritage tourists. The holiday structure itself seems to provide a context that influences the cultural consumption of actors. Thus higher levels of cultural capital are related to more accessible forms of culture, contrary to theoretical expectations. There is also evidence of the development of a cultural tourism ‘travel career’ with more dynamic cultural forms being characteristic of younger tourists and more high brow and static forms of culture being consumed in later life by those with higher levels of cultural capital.Highlights► Multiple correspondence analysis used to visualise cultural tourism market segments. ► Demonstrates advantages of multidimensional segmentation. ► Identifies static and dynamic dimensions of cultural consumption. ► Distinguishes art and heritage tourists. ► Cultural capital inversely related to accessibility of cultural forms.Keywords: Cultural tourism, Heritage tourism, Arts tourism, Cultural attractions, Cultural events, Segmentation, Multiple correspondence analysis",
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Dimensions of cultural consumption among tourists : Multiple correspondence analysis. / Richards, G.W.; van der Ark, L.A.

In: Tourism Management, Vol. 37, 2013, p. 71-76.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - van der Ark, L.A.

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AB - The cultural tourism market has diversified and fragmented into many different niches. Previous attempts to segment cultural tourists have been largely unidimensional, failing to capture the complexity of cultural production and consumption. We employ multiple correspondence analysis to visualize the relationship between cultural consumers and attractions in a large data set (n = 12,905). This indicates that two dimensions describing the ranges between ‘static’ and ‘dynamic’ attractions and ‘high-brow’ and ‘low brow’ culture effectively discriminate different groups of arts and heritage tourists. The holiday structure itself seems to provide a context that influences the cultural consumption of actors. Thus higher levels of cultural capital are related to more accessible forms of culture, contrary to theoretical expectations. There is also evidence of the development of a cultural tourism ‘travel career’ with more dynamic cultural forms being characteristic of younger tourists and more high brow and static forms of culture being consumed in later life by those with higher levels of cultural capital.Highlights► Multiple correspondence analysis used to visualise cultural tourism market segments. ► Demonstrates advantages of multidimensional segmentation. ► Identifies static and dynamic dimensions of cultural consumption. ► Distinguishes art and heritage tourists. ► Cultural capital inversely related to accessibility of cultural forms.Keywords: Cultural tourism, Heritage tourism, Arts tourism, Cultural attractions, Cultural events, Segmentation, Multiple correspondence analysis

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