Discrepancies in perceptions of close relationships of young adolescents: A risk for psychopathology?

Jantine L. Spilt, Pol A. C. Van Lier, Susan J. T. Branje, W.H.J. Meeus, Hans M. Koot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Discrepancies between children and partners (e.g., parents, friends, peers) in reports of social functioning and self-other relationships are common in clinical practice and in research. However, it is not clear whether children’s biased perceptions of self-other relationships, relative to the reports of partners, are predominantly a reflection of underlying psychological dysfunctions or whether these biased perceptions present a risk factor for subsequent problematic development. This longitudinal study therefore examined the effects of adolescent-mother disagreement and adolescent-best friend disagreement in perceptions of close (dyadic) relationships on the development of psychopathology in early adolescence. The sample included 497 thirteen year-old adolescents of Dutch-Caucasian backgrounds (57 % boys; 41 % at high risk for externalizing problems), their mothers, and self-nominated best friends. The participants completed reports of positive dyadic relationship quality (warmth) in Grade 7. Discrepancy scores were based on difference scores between the adolescents’ versus the partners’ reports. Both absolute disagreement and direction of disagreement (i.e., over- or underestimation relative to the relationship partner) were examined. Self-reported symptoms of depression and mother-reported aggression were assessed in Grade 7, 8, and 9. Absolute disagreement in perceptions of warmth between adolescents and best friends was significantly related to higher baseline levels of aggression. No significant effects of discrepancy scores on growth curves of symptoms of depression and aggression were found. The results may suggest that it is more important for adolescents to develop positive perceptions of close relationships than to agree with partners on the quality of the relationship.
Keywords: Psychopathology, Close relationships, Informant discrepancies, Early adolescence
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)910-921
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Psychopathology
  • Close relationships
  • Informant discrepancies
  • Early adolescence

Cite this

Spilt, Jantine L. ; Van Lier, Pol A. C. ; Branje, Susan J. T. ; Meeus, W.H.J. ; Koot, Hans M. / Discrepancies in perceptions of close relationships of young adolescents : A risk for psychopathology?. In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2015 ; Vol. 44, No. 4. pp. 910-921.
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Discrepancies in perceptions of close relationships of young adolescents : A risk for psychopathology? / Spilt, Jantine L.; Van Lier, Pol A. C.; Branje, Susan J. T.; Meeus, W.H.J.; Koot, Hans M.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 44, No. 4, 2015, p. 910-921.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Discrepancies in perceptions of close relationships of young adolescents

T2 - A risk for psychopathology?

AU - Spilt, Jantine L.

AU - Van Lier, Pol A. C.

AU - Branje, Susan J. T.

AU - Meeus, W.H.J.

AU - Koot, Hans M.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Discrepancies between children and partners (e.g., parents, friends, peers) in reports of social functioning and self-other relationships are common in clinical practice and in research. However, it is not clear whether children’s biased perceptions of self-other relationships, relative to the reports of partners, are predominantly a reflection of underlying psychological dysfunctions or whether these biased perceptions present a risk factor for subsequent problematic development. This longitudinal study therefore examined the effects of adolescent-mother disagreement and adolescent-best friend disagreement in perceptions of close (dyadic) relationships on the development of psychopathology in early adolescence. The sample included 497 thirteen year-old adolescents of Dutch-Caucasian backgrounds (57 % boys; 41 % at high risk for externalizing problems), their mothers, and self-nominated best friends. The participants completed reports of positive dyadic relationship quality (warmth) in Grade 7. Discrepancy scores were based on difference scores between the adolescents’ versus the partners’ reports. Both absolute disagreement and direction of disagreement (i.e., over- or underestimation relative to the relationship partner) were examined. Self-reported symptoms of depression and mother-reported aggression were assessed in Grade 7, 8, and 9. Absolute disagreement in perceptions of warmth between adolescents and best friends was significantly related to higher baseline levels of aggression. No significant effects of discrepancy scores on growth curves of symptoms of depression and aggression were found. The results may suggest that it is more important for adolescents to develop positive perceptions of close relationships than to agree with partners on the quality of the relationship.Keywords: Psychopathology, Close relationships, Informant discrepancies, Early adolescence

AB - Discrepancies between children and partners (e.g., parents, friends, peers) in reports of social functioning and self-other relationships are common in clinical practice and in research. However, it is not clear whether children’s biased perceptions of self-other relationships, relative to the reports of partners, are predominantly a reflection of underlying psychological dysfunctions or whether these biased perceptions present a risk factor for subsequent problematic development. This longitudinal study therefore examined the effects of adolescent-mother disagreement and adolescent-best friend disagreement in perceptions of close (dyadic) relationships on the development of psychopathology in early adolescence. The sample included 497 thirteen year-old adolescents of Dutch-Caucasian backgrounds (57 % boys; 41 % at high risk for externalizing problems), their mothers, and self-nominated best friends. The participants completed reports of positive dyadic relationship quality (warmth) in Grade 7. Discrepancy scores were based on difference scores between the adolescents’ versus the partners’ reports. Both absolute disagreement and direction of disagreement (i.e., over- or underestimation relative to the relationship partner) were examined. Self-reported symptoms of depression and mother-reported aggression were assessed in Grade 7, 8, and 9. Absolute disagreement in perceptions of warmth between adolescents and best friends was significantly related to higher baseline levels of aggression. No significant effects of discrepancy scores on growth curves of symptoms of depression and aggression were found. The results may suggest that it is more important for adolescents to develop positive perceptions of close relationships than to agree with partners on the quality of the relationship.Keywords: Psychopathology, Close relationships, Informant discrepancies, Early adolescence

KW - Psychopathology

KW - Close relationships

KW - Informant discrepancies

KW - Early adolescence

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DO - 10.1007/s10964-014-0234-4

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 910

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JO - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

JF - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

SN - 0047-2891

IS - 4

ER -