Disillusionment:

How Expectations Shape the Enjoyment of Early Perceptual Processes

Thorsten Michael Erle*, Sascha Topolinski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Recent research has shown that perceptual processes carry intrinsic affect. But prior studies have only manipulated the occurrence of perceptual processes by presenting two different stimulus categories. The present studies go beyond this by manipulating perceptual expectations for identical stimuli. Seven experiments demonstrated that objectively identical stimuli become visually disappointing and are liked less when they violate the expectation that an intrinsically pleasant perceptual process will occur compared to when there is no perceptual expectation. These effects were specific to violations of perceptual expectations. By using between-subjects designs, participants' insight into the experimental manipulation was prevented. In combination with the use of identical stimuli across conditions, this provides the most stringent test of the idea that perception is intrinsically (un-)pleasant yet. The results are related to predictive coding frameworks and provide an explanation for why people sometimes enjoy additional perceptual effort.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-344
JournalExperimental Psychology
Volume65
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gestalt
  • illusory contours
  • affect
  • Kanizsa illusion
  • early visual processing
  • optical illusions
  • fluency

Cite this

@article{0659759055364be3813415131627aa04,
title = "Disillusionment:: How Expectations Shape the Enjoyment of Early Perceptual Processes",
abstract = "Recent research has shown that perceptual processes carry intrinsic affect. But prior studies have only manipulated the occurrence of perceptual processes by presenting two different stimulus categories. The present studies go beyond this by manipulating perceptual expectations for identical stimuli. Seven experiments demonstrated that objectively identical stimuli become visually disappointing and are liked less when they violate the expectation that an intrinsically pleasant perceptual process will occur compared to when there is no perceptual expectation. These effects were specific to violations of perceptual expectations. By using between-subjects designs, participants' insight into the experimental manipulation was prevented. In combination with the use of identical stimuli across conditions, this provides the most stringent test of the idea that perception is intrinsically (un-)pleasant yet. The results are related to predictive coding frameworks and provide an explanation for why people sometimes enjoy additional perceptual effort.",
keywords = "Gestalt, illusory contours, affect, Kanizsa illusion, early visual processing, optical illusions, fluency",
author = "Erle, {Thorsten Michael} and Sascha Topolinski",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1027/1618-3169/a000419",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
pages = "332--344",
journal = "Experimental Psychology",
issn = "1618-3169",
publisher = "Hogrefe Publishing",
number = "6",

}

Disillusionment: How Expectations Shape the Enjoyment of Early Perceptual Processes. / Erle, Thorsten Michael; Topolinski, Sascha.

In: Experimental Psychology, Vol. 65, No. 6, 11.2018, p. 332-344.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disillusionment:

T2 - How Expectations Shape the Enjoyment of Early Perceptual Processes

AU - Erle, Thorsten Michael

AU - Topolinski, Sascha

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - Recent research has shown that perceptual processes carry intrinsic affect. But prior studies have only manipulated the occurrence of perceptual processes by presenting two different stimulus categories. The present studies go beyond this by manipulating perceptual expectations for identical stimuli. Seven experiments demonstrated that objectively identical stimuli become visually disappointing and are liked less when they violate the expectation that an intrinsically pleasant perceptual process will occur compared to when there is no perceptual expectation. These effects were specific to violations of perceptual expectations. By using between-subjects designs, participants' insight into the experimental manipulation was prevented. In combination with the use of identical stimuli across conditions, this provides the most stringent test of the idea that perception is intrinsically (un-)pleasant yet. The results are related to predictive coding frameworks and provide an explanation for why people sometimes enjoy additional perceptual effort.

AB - Recent research has shown that perceptual processes carry intrinsic affect. But prior studies have only manipulated the occurrence of perceptual processes by presenting two different stimulus categories. The present studies go beyond this by manipulating perceptual expectations for identical stimuli. Seven experiments demonstrated that objectively identical stimuli become visually disappointing and are liked less when they violate the expectation that an intrinsically pleasant perceptual process will occur compared to when there is no perceptual expectation. These effects were specific to violations of perceptual expectations. By using between-subjects designs, participants' insight into the experimental manipulation was prevented. In combination with the use of identical stimuli across conditions, this provides the most stringent test of the idea that perception is intrinsically (un-)pleasant yet. The results are related to predictive coding frameworks and provide an explanation for why people sometimes enjoy additional perceptual effort.

KW - Gestalt

KW - illusory contours

KW - affect

KW - Kanizsa illusion

KW - early visual processing

KW - optical illusions

KW - fluency

U2 - 10.1027/1618-3169/a000419

DO - 10.1027/1618-3169/a000419

M3 - Article

VL - 65

SP - 332

EP - 344

JO - Experimental Psychology

JF - Experimental Psychology

SN - 1618-3169

IS - 6

ER -