Dissociative experiences on ice

Peritraumatic and trait dissociation during the cold pressor test

Timo Giesbrecht, Tom Smeets, Harald Merckelbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The present study investigated the relationship between trait dissociation and peritraumatic dissociation during acute painful stimulation. In a sample of 70 undergraduate students, peritraumatic dissociation was induced by means of a cold pressor test, which basically consists of participants holding an arm in ice water for as long as possible. Results indicate that heightened trait dissociation scores were related to shorter durations that participants could sustain the task. However, trait dissociation was not associated with increases in acute dissociative symptoms (i.e., peritraumatic dissociation). These findings are in sharp contrast to the defensive function ascribed to both types of dissociation and also the commonly held assumption that peritraumatic and trait dissociation are intimately linked.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-121
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume157
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Giesbrecht, Timo ; Smeets, Tom ; Merckelbach, Harald. / Dissociative experiences on ice : Peritraumatic and trait dissociation during the cold pressor test. In: Psychiatry Research. 2008 ; Vol. 157, No. 1-3. pp. 115-121.
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Dissociative experiences on ice : Peritraumatic and trait dissociation during the cold pressor test. / Giesbrecht, Timo; Smeets, Tom; Merckelbach, Harald.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 157, No. 1-3, 2008, p. 115-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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