Distinct effects of cognitive versus somatic anxiety on cognitive performance in old age: The role of working memory capacity.

Nathalie Mella, Fanny Vallet, Marine Beaudoin, Delphine Fagot, Marie Baeriswyl, Nicola Ballhausen, Grégoire Métral, Julia Sauter, Andreas Ihle, Rainer Gabriel, Michel Oris, Matthias Kliegel, Olivier Desrichard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The adverse effects of anxiety on cognition are widely recognized. According to Attentional Control Theory, worry (i.e. facet of cognitive anxiety) is the component that is responsible for these effects, and working memory capacity (WMC) plays an important role in regulating them. Despite the increasing importance of this problem with aging, little is known about how these mechanisms interact in old age. In this study, we explored the distinct contributions of the somatic and cognitive components of anxiety to neuropsychological performance, and the potential moderating role of WMC.Method: We administered cognitive tasks testing processing speed, cognitive flexibility and working memory to 605 older adults, who also underwent depression and test anxiety assessments (data from VLV study).Results: Multiple regression analyses showed that cognitive (but not somatic) aspects of anxiety affected cognitive flexibility. The effect of cognitive anxiety on processing speed was moderated by WMC: the anxiety-performance association was lower for participants with greater WMC.Conclusion: Results confirmed the specific role of worry in the anxiety–performance relationship in old age and supported the hypothesis that working memory resources regulates its deleterious effect on cognition. The absence of a moderation effect in the more costly switching task may reflect a limitation of resources with aging. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
Original languageEnglish
JournalAging & Mental Health
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Short-Term Memory
Depression

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Mella, Nathalie ; Vallet, Fanny ; Beaudoin, Marine ; Fagot, Delphine ; Baeriswyl, Marie ; Ballhausen, Nicola ; Métral, Grégoire ; Sauter, Julia ; Ihle, Andreas ; Gabriel, Rainer ; Oris, Michel ; Kliegel, Matthias ; Desrichard, Olivier. / Distinct effects of cognitive versus somatic anxiety on cognitive performance in old age : The role of working memory capacity. In: Aging & Mental Health. 2018.
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title = "Distinct effects of cognitive versus somatic anxiety on cognitive performance in old age: The role of working memory capacity.",
abstract = "Objective: The adverse effects of anxiety on cognition are widely recognized. According to Attentional Control Theory, worry (i.e. facet of cognitive anxiety) is the component that is responsible for these effects, and working memory capacity (WMC) plays an important role in regulating them. Despite the increasing importance of this problem with aging, little is known about how these mechanisms interact in old age. In this study, we explored the distinct contributions of the somatic and cognitive components of anxiety to neuropsychological performance, and the potential moderating role of WMC.Method: We administered cognitive tasks testing processing speed, cognitive flexibility and working memory to 605 older adults, who also underwent depression and test anxiety assessments (data from VLV study).Results: Multiple regression analyses showed that cognitive (but not somatic) aspects of anxiety affected cognitive flexibility. The effect of cognitive anxiety on processing speed was moderated by WMC: the anxiety-performance association was lower for participants with greater WMC.Conclusion: Results confirmed the specific role of worry in the anxiety–performance relationship in old age and supported the hypothesis that working memory resources regulates its deleterious effect on cognition. The absence of a moderation effect in the more costly switching task may reflect a limitation of resources with aging. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)",
author = "Nathalie Mella and Fanny Vallet and Marine Beaudoin and Delphine Fagot and Marie Baeriswyl and Nicola Ballhausen and Gr{\'e}goire M{\'e}tral and Julia Sauter and Andreas Ihle and Rainer Gabriel and Michel Oris and Matthias Kliegel and Olivier Desrichard",
year = "2018",
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Mella, N, Vallet, F, Beaudoin, M, Fagot, D, Baeriswyl, M, Ballhausen, N, Métral, G, Sauter, J, Ihle, A, Gabriel, R, Oris, M, Kliegel, M & Desrichard, O 2018, 'Distinct effects of cognitive versus somatic anxiety on cognitive performance in old age: The role of working memory capacity.', Aging & Mental Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2018.1548566

Distinct effects of cognitive versus somatic anxiety on cognitive performance in old age : The role of working memory capacity. / Mella, Nathalie; Vallet, Fanny; Beaudoin, Marine; Fagot, Delphine; Baeriswyl, Marie; Ballhausen, Nicola; Métral, Grégoire; Sauter, Julia; Ihle, Andreas; Gabriel, Rainer; Oris, Michel; Kliegel, Matthias; Desrichard, Olivier.

In: Aging & Mental Health, 28.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Distinct effects of cognitive versus somatic anxiety on cognitive performance in old age

T2 - The role of working memory capacity.

AU - Mella, Nathalie

AU - Vallet, Fanny

AU - Beaudoin, Marine

AU - Fagot, Delphine

AU - Baeriswyl, Marie

AU - Ballhausen, Nicola

AU - Métral, Grégoire

AU - Sauter, Julia

AU - Ihle, Andreas

AU - Gabriel, Rainer

AU - Oris, Michel

AU - Kliegel, Matthias

AU - Desrichard, Olivier

PY - 2018/12/28

Y1 - 2018/12/28

N2 - Objective: The adverse effects of anxiety on cognition are widely recognized. According to Attentional Control Theory, worry (i.e. facet of cognitive anxiety) is the component that is responsible for these effects, and working memory capacity (WMC) plays an important role in regulating them. Despite the increasing importance of this problem with aging, little is known about how these mechanisms interact in old age. In this study, we explored the distinct contributions of the somatic and cognitive components of anxiety to neuropsychological performance, and the potential moderating role of WMC.Method: We administered cognitive tasks testing processing speed, cognitive flexibility and working memory to 605 older adults, who also underwent depression and test anxiety assessments (data from VLV study).Results: Multiple regression analyses showed that cognitive (but not somatic) aspects of anxiety affected cognitive flexibility. The effect of cognitive anxiety on processing speed was moderated by WMC: the anxiety-performance association was lower for participants with greater WMC.Conclusion: Results confirmed the specific role of worry in the anxiety–performance relationship in old age and supported the hypothesis that working memory resources regulates its deleterious effect on cognition. The absence of a moderation effect in the more costly switching task may reflect a limitation of resources with aging. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)

AB - Objective: The adverse effects of anxiety on cognition are widely recognized. According to Attentional Control Theory, worry (i.e. facet of cognitive anxiety) is the component that is responsible for these effects, and working memory capacity (WMC) plays an important role in regulating them. Despite the increasing importance of this problem with aging, little is known about how these mechanisms interact in old age. In this study, we explored the distinct contributions of the somatic and cognitive components of anxiety to neuropsychological performance, and the potential moderating role of WMC.Method: We administered cognitive tasks testing processing speed, cognitive flexibility and working memory to 605 older adults, who also underwent depression and test anxiety assessments (data from VLV study).Results: Multiple regression analyses showed that cognitive (but not somatic) aspects of anxiety affected cognitive flexibility. The effect of cognitive anxiety on processing speed was moderated by WMC: the anxiety-performance association was lower for participants with greater WMC.Conclusion: Results confirmed the specific role of worry in the anxiety–performance relationship in old age and supported the hypothesis that working memory resources regulates its deleterious effect on cognition. The absence of a moderation effect in the more costly switching task may reflect a limitation of resources with aging. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)

U2 - 10.1080/13607863.2018.1548566

DO - 10.1080/13607863.2018.1548566

M3 - Article

JO - Aging & Mental Health

JF - Aging & Mental Health

SN - 1360-7863

ER -