Distributive justice, procedural justice, exemplarity, and employees’ willingness to cooperate in M&A integration processes

An analysis of the Air France-KLM merger

T. Melkonian, P. Monin, N.G. Noorderhaven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Although employees' willingness to cooperate is acknowledged as a critical success factor for post-M&A (merger-and-acquisition) integration, we still know little about the psychological mechanisms that lie beneath employees' cooperative attitudes and behaviors in this context. Building on the premises of fairness heuristic theory, this longitudinal study explores how the relative importance of distributive and procedural justice judgments for employees' willingness to cooperate shifts over time. We suggest that when employees lack justice-relevant information on both distributive and procedural aspects of decisions, they will use another temporary heuristic to reduce uncertainty by scrutinizing the M&A-related cooperative behaviors of authority figures. We test our hypotheses on data from a four-time repeated cross-sectional survey of employee responses in a post-M&A integration process. The findings provide important insights into how merging firms can enhance employees' willingness to cooperate through the subtle exercise of justice and exemplarity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)809-837
JournalHuman Resource Management
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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France
Personnel
Cooperative Behavior
Air
Cross-Sectional Studies
Mergers and acquisitions
Merging
Integration process
Willingness
Procedural justice
Employees
Distributive justice
Mergers
Heuristics
Justice

Cite this

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Distributive justice, procedural justice, exemplarity, and employees’ willingness to cooperate in M&A integration processes : An analysis of the Air France-KLM merger. / Melkonian, T.; Monin, P.; Noorderhaven, N.G.

In: Human Resource Management, Vol. 50, No. 6, 2011, p. 809-837.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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