Do personal traits of the leader predict differences in leader and subordinate evaluations of leader effectiveness: A study in the banking industry in Ethiopia

Habtamu Endris Ali*, R. Schalk, Marloes van Engen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Purpose: 

This study aims to examine whether the internal locus of control, self-esteem and leadership self-efficacy can predict differences in self–other rating agreement on leader effectiveness. First, the authors predicted that the greater the internal locus of a leader the more their self-rating will be in agreement with others' rating of them (1a). Second, the authors proposed that the greater the self-esteem of a leader the more their self-rating will be in discrepancy with others' rating (1b). Third, the authors hypothesized that the greater the self-efficacy of a leader the more their self-rating will be in agreement with others' rating (1c). 

Design/methodology/approach: 

To test the hypotheses, multisource data were collected from 128 banking leaders (who responded about different aspects of leadership self-efficacy, internal locus of control, self-esteem and leadership effectiveness) and 344 subordinates (who rated their leaders' effectiveness in performing leadership tasks).Multivariate regression was performed by jointly regressing both leaders' self-ratings and subordinates' ratings as a dependent variable on internal locus of control, self-esteem and leadership self-efficacy as predictor variables. 

Findings: 

Self-esteem of a leader the more their self-rating will be in discrepancy with others' ratings. Originality/value: The study tried to investigate the leader-subordinate dis(agreement) on leaders’ effectiveness taking banking leaders in the Ethiopian Context. The finding of the results is crucial and important for leadership development programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-334
JournalJournal of Management Development
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • EFFICACY
  • INTERVENTION
  • JOB
  • Leadership
  • Leadership effectiveness
  • MULTISOURCE FEEDBACK
  • PERCEPTIONS
  • PERFORMANCE
  • RATING AGREEMENT
  • SATISFACTION
  • SELF-OTHER AGREEMENT
  • Self-others rating agreement
  • TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP

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