Does Family Planning Reduce Infant Mortality? Evidence from Surveillance Data in Matlab, Bangladesh

A.H.O. van Soest, U.R. Saha

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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Abstract

Abstract: Analyzing the effect of family planning on child survival remains an important issue but is not straightforward because of several mechanisms linking family planning, birth intervals, total fertility, and child survival. This study uses a dynamic model jointly explaining infant mortality, whether contraceptives are used after each birth, and birth intervals. Infant mortality is determined by the preceding birth interval and other covariates (such as socio-economic status). The decisions about using contraceptives after each birth are driven by similar covariates, survival status of the previous child, and the family’s gender composition. Birth spacing is driven by contraceptive use and other factors. We find favourable effects of contraceptive use, reducing infant deaths in second and higher order births. Because the mortality risks for first-borns is higher than for later births and contraceptive use reduces the number of higher order births, the net effect on the total infant mortality rate is small.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
PublisherEconometrics
Number of pages34
Volume2012-019
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameCentER Discussion Paper
Volume2012-019

Fingerprint

infant mortality
Bangladesh
family planning
surveillance
contraceptive
evidence
birth order
fertility
infant
mortality
death
gender
economics

Keywords

  • child mortality
  • family planning
  • contraceptive use
  • demography
  • dynamic panel data models
  • Bangladesh

Cite this

van Soest, A. H. O., & Saha, U. R. (2012). Does Family Planning Reduce Infant Mortality? Evidence from Surveillance Data in Matlab, Bangladesh. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2012-019). Tilburg: Econometrics.
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van Soest, AHO & Saha, UR 2012 'Does Family Planning Reduce Infant Mortality? Evidence from Surveillance Data in Matlab, Bangladesh' CentER Discussion Paper, vol. 2012-019, Econometrics, Tilburg.

Does Family Planning Reduce Infant Mortality? Evidence from Surveillance Data in Matlab, Bangladesh. / van Soest, A.H.O.; Saha, U.R.

Tilburg : Econometrics, 2012. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2012-019).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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AB - Abstract: Analyzing the effect of family planning on child survival remains an important issue but is not straightforward because of several mechanisms linking family planning, birth intervals, total fertility, and child survival. This study uses a dynamic model jointly explaining infant mortality, whether contraceptives are used after each birth, and birth intervals. Infant mortality is determined by the preceding birth interval and other covariates (such as socio-economic status). The decisions about using contraceptives after each birth are driven by similar covariates, survival status of the previous child, and the family’s gender composition. Birth spacing is driven by contraceptive use and other factors. We find favourable effects of contraceptive use, reducing infant deaths in second and higher order births. Because the mortality risks for first-borns is higher than for later births and contraceptive use reduces the number of higher order births, the net effect on the total infant mortality rate is small.

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