Does gesture add to the comprehensibility of people with aphasia?

Karin van Nispen, Kazuki Sekine, Miranda Rose

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Gesture can convey information co-occurring with and in the absence of speech. As such, it seems a useful strategy for people with aphasia (PWA) to compensate for their impaired speech. To find out whether gestures used by PWA add to the comprehensibility of their communication we looked at the information conveyed in gesture (similar to speech, additional to speech or essential information that is absent in speech), produced by 34 PWA and 5 non-brain damaged participants (NBDP) during semi-structured conversation. There were no significant differences found between PWA and NBDP, or between aphasia types. The total number of gestures and the use of similar gestures correlates with the information PWA can convey in speech. Essential gestures are used in instances of speech break down. These findings suggest that gestures used by PWA may add to the compressibility of their communication and that some PWA may use gesture compensatorily.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGesture and Speech in interaction (GESPIN)
EditorsGaëlle Ferré, Mark Tutton
PublisherUniversity of Nantes
Edition4
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventGesture and Speech in Interaction - , France
Duration: 9 Sep 2015 → …

Conference

ConferenceGesture and Speech in Interaction
CountryFrance
Period9/09/15 → …

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van Nispen, K., Sekine, K., & Rose, M. (2015). Does gesture add to the comprehensibility of people with aphasia? In G. Ferré, & M. Tutton (Eds.), Gesture and Speech in interaction (GESPIN) (4 ed.). University of Nantes.
van Nispen, Karin ; Sekine, Kazuki ; Rose, Miranda. / Does gesture add to the comprehensibility of people with aphasia?. Gesture and Speech in interaction (GESPIN). editor / Gaëlle Ferré ; Mark Tutton. 4. ed. University of Nantes, 2015.
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van Nispen, K, Sekine, K & Rose, M 2015, Does gesture add to the comprehensibility of people with aphasia? in G Ferré & M Tutton (eds), Gesture and Speech in interaction (GESPIN). 4 edn, University of Nantes, Gesture and Speech in Interaction, France, 9/09/15.

Does gesture add to the comprehensibility of people with aphasia? / van Nispen, Karin; Sekine, Kazuki; Rose, Miranda.

Gesture and Speech in interaction (GESPIN). ed. / Gaëlle Ferré; Mark Tutton. 4. ed. University of Nantes, 2015.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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AB - Gesture can convey information co-occurring with and in the absence of speech. As such, it seems a useful strategy for people with aphasia (PWA) to compensate for their impaired speech. To find out whether gestures used by PWA add to the comprehensibility of their communication we looked at the information conveyed in gesture (similar to speech, additional to speech or essential information that is absent in speech), produced by 34 PWA and 5 non-brain damaged participants (NBDP) during semi-structured conversation. There were no significant differences found between PWA and NBDP, or between aphasia types. The total number of gestures and the use of similar gestures correlates with the information PWA can convey in speech. Essential gestures are used in instances of speech break down. These findings suggest that gestures used by PWA may add to the compressibility of their communication and that some PWA may use gesture compensatorily.

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van Nispen K, Sekine K, Rose M. Does gesture add to the comprehensibility of people with aphasia? In Ferré G, Tutton M, editors, Gesture and Speech in interaction (GESPIN). 4 ed. University of Nantes. 2015