Does spatial proximity to small towns matter for rural livelihoods?

A propensity score matching analysis in Ethiopia

A. Gebrekidan Abbay, R.P.J.H. Rutten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The spatial dimension of rural–urban linkage has become a new subject of debate in regional development. In most empirical research the focus has usually been on the role of small urban centers in rural development. However, the effects of different particulars of the linkage such as spatial proximity to small towns on income of the hinterlands’ people have been less explored. The central purpose of this paper is, hence, assessing the effect of spatial proximity to small towns on income of the people living in the surrounding rural hinterlands. It also provides a bird’s-eye view of the livelihood strategies used by rural households in using town services. A propensity score matching technique is employed to estimate the effects. It is apparent in the results of the study that, controlling for other confounding factors, spatial proximity to small towns has a significantly positive effect on the income of the people living in the surrounding hinterlands. This notion indirectly leads the households living in the farthest hinterlands to adopt a new coping mechanism, i.e. enhancing their social proximity in a way that compensates the opportunity lost as a result of physical distance.
Keywords: Spatial proximity, Propensity score matching, Towns, Livelihoods
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287–307
JournalLetters in Spatial and Resource Sciences
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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small town
Ethiopia
livelihood
income
town
rural development
regional development
empirical research
coping
effect
analysis
Rural livelihoods
Spatial proximity
Propensity score matching
Hinterland
Income
household
Linkage

Cite this

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title = "Does spatial proximity to small towns matter for rural livelihoods?: A propensity score matching analysis in Ethiopia",
abstract = "The spatial dimension of rural–urban linkage has become a new subject of debate in regional development. In most empirical research the focus has usually been on the role of small urban centers in rural development. However, the effects of different particulars of the linkage such as spatial proximity to small towns on income of the hinterlands’ people have been less explored. The central purpose of this paper is, hence, assessing the effect of spatial proximity to small towns on income of the people living in the surrounding rural hinterlands. It also provides a bird’s-eye view of the livelihood strategies used by rural households in using town services. A propensity score matching technique is employed to estimate the effects. It is apparent in the results of the study that, controlling for other confounding factors, spatial proximity to small towns has a significantly positive effect on the income of the people living in the surrounding hinterlands. This notion indirectly leads the households living in the farthest hinterlands to adopt a new coping mechanism, i.e. enhancing their social proximity in a way that compensates the opportunity lost as a result of physical distance.Keywords: Spatial proximity, Propensity score matching, Towns, Livelihoods",
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Does spatial proximity to small towns matter for rural livelihoods? A propensity score matching analysis in Ethiopia. / Gebrekidan Abbay, A.; Rutten, R.P.J.H.

In: Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2016, p. 287–307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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T2 - A propensity score matching analysis in Ethiopia

AU - Gebrekidan Abbay, A.

AU - Rutten, R.P.J.H.

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Y1 - 2016

N2 - The spatial dimension of rural–urban linkage has become a new subject of debate in regional development. In most empirical research the focus has usually been on the role of small urban centers in rural development. However, the effects of different particulars of the linkage such as spatial proximity to small towns on income of the hinterlands’ people have been less explored. The central purpose of this paper is, hence, assessing the effect of spatial proximity to small towns on income of the people living in the surrounding rural hinterlands. It also provides a bird’s-eye view of the livelihood strategies used by rural households in using town services. A propensity score matching technique is employed to estimate the effects. It is apparent in the results of the study that, controlling for other confounding factors, spatial proximity to small towns has a significantly positive effect on the income of the people living in the surrounding hinterlands. This notion indirectly leads the households living in the farthest hinterlands to adopt a new coping mechanism, i.e. enhancing their social proximity in a way that compensates the opportunity lost as a result of physical distance.Keywords: Spatial proximity, Propensity score matching, Towns, Livelihoods

AB - The spatial dimension of rural–urban linkage has become a new subject of debate in regional development. In most empirical research the focus has usually been on the role of small urban centers in rural development. However, the effects of different particulars of the linkage such as spatial proximity to small towns on income of the hinterlands’ people have been less explored. The central purpose of this paper is, hence, assessing the effect of spatial proximity to small towns on income of the people living in the surrounding rural hinterlands. It also provides a bird’s-eye view of the livelihood strategies used by rural households in using town services. A propensity score matching technique is employed to estimate the effects. It is apparent in the results of the study that, controlling for other confounding factors, spatial proximity to small towns has a significantly positive effect on the income of the people living in the surrounding hinterlands. This notion indirectly leads the households living in the farthest hinterlands to adopt a new coping mechanism, i.e. enhancing their social proximity in a way that compensates the opportunity lost as a result of physical distance.Keywords: Spatial proximity, Propensity score matching, Towns, Livelihoods

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