Dreams and reality

Autonomy support for women entrepreneurs in Ethiopia

Atsede Tesfaye Hailemariam*, Brigitte Kroon, Marloes Van Engen, Marc Van Veldhoven

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose
Taking a self-determination theory (SDT) perspective, the purpose of this paper is to understand the socio-cultural context on the satisfaction of basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness in the entrepreneurial activity of women entrepreneurs in Ethiopia.

Design/methodology/approach
Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 19 women entrepreneurs operating business in the formal sector of the economy in Addis Ababa. A thematic analysis approach was used to analyze and interpret the interview transcripts.

Findings
Women entrepreneurs experience autonomy-supportive and controlling socio-cultural contexts in their gender role, parent–daughter relationship, husband–wife relationship and their religious affiliation. Autonomy-supportive social agents provide women entrepreneurs, the chance to perceive themselves as competent and autonomous to exploit and choose opportunities and run their business in accordance with their personal values and interests. On the other hand, controlling social agents maintain and reinforce the existing male-dominated social and economic order. They constrain women’s entrepreneurial performance by undermining their basic psychological needs satisfaction, which limits their autonomous functioning and well-being in entrepreneurial activity.

Practical implications
To promote women’s autonomous functioning and well-being in entrepreneurial activity, policy should be aimed at reducing constraints to the satisfaction of psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness in the socio-cultural context.

Originality/value
The study is the first to apply SDT to explore the influence of autonomy vs controlling socio-cultural contexts on satisfaction vs thwarting needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness in the entrepreneurial activity of women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-742
JournalEquality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal
Volume38
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Ethiopia
entrepreneur
autonomy
self-determination
well-being
need satisfaction
denomination
interview
gender role
economy
methodology
performance
economics
Values
experience

Keywords

  • BEHAVIOR
  • EDUCATION
  • Ethiopia
  • GENDER STEREOTYPES
  • NEEDS
  • POVERTY
  • SELF-DETERMINATION
  • SOCIOCULTURAL FACTORS
  • Self-determination theory
  • Socio-cultural context
  • Women entrepreneurs

Cite this

@article{389a4146c2104ccdac860f64b769730e,
title = "Dreams and reality: Autonomy support for women entrepreneurs in Ethiopia",
abstract = "PurposeTaking a self-determination theory (SDT) perspective, the purpose of this paper is to understand the socio-cultural context on the satisfaction of basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness in the entrepreneurial activity of women entrepreneurs in Ethiopia.Design/methodology/approachSemi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 19 women entrepreneurs operating business in the formal sector of the economy in Addis Ababa. A thematic analysis approach was used to analyze and interpret the interview transcripts.FindingsWomen entrepreneurs experience autonomy-supportive and controlling socio-cultural contexts in their gender role, parent–daughter relationship, husband–wife relationship and their religious affiliation. Autonomy-supportive social agents provide women entrepreneurs, the chance to perceive themselves as competent and autonomous to exploit and choose opportunities and run their business in accordance with their personal values and interests. On the other hand, controlling social agents maintain and reinforce the existing male-dominated social and economic order. They constrain women’s entrepreneurial performance by undermining their basic psychological needs satisfaction, which limits their autonomous functioning and well-being in entrepreneurial activity.Practical implicationsTo promote women’s autonomous functioning and well-being in entrepreneurial activity, policy should be aimed at reducing constraints to the satisfaction of psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness in the socio-cultural context.Originality/valueThe study is the first to apply SDT to explore the influence of autonomy vs controlling socio-cultural contexts on satisfaction vs thwarting needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness in the entrepreneurial activity of women.",
keywords = "BEHAVIOR, EDUCATION, Ethiopia, GENDER STEREOTYPES, NEEDS, POVERTY, SELF-DETERMINATION, SOCIOCULTURAL FACTORS, Self-determination theory, Socio-cultural context, Women entrepreneurs",
author = "Hailemariam, {Atsede Tesfaye} and Brigitte Kroon and {Van Engen}, Marloes and {Van Veldhoven}, Marc",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1108/EDI-10-2017-0230",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "727--742",
journal = "Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal",
issn = "2040-7149",
publisher = "Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.",
number = "7",

}

Dreams and reality : Autonomy support for women entrepreneurs in Ethiopia. / Hailemariam, Atsede Tesfaye; Kroon, Brigitte; Van Engen, Marloes; Van Veldhoven, Marc.

In: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, Vol. 38, No. 7, 2019, p. 727-742.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dreams and reality

T2 - Autonomy support for women entrepreneurs in Ethiopia

AU - Hailemariam, Atsede Tesfaye

AU - Kroon, Brigitte

AU - Van Engen, Marloes

AU - Van Veldhoven, Marc

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - PurposeTaking a self-determination theory (SDT) perspective, the purpose of this paper is to understand the socio-cultural context on the satisfaction of basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness in the entrepreneurial activity of women entrepreneurs in Ethiopia.Design/methodology/approachSemi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 19 women entrepreneurs operating business in the formal sector of the economy in Addis Ababa. A thematic analysis approach was used to analyze and interpret the interview transcripts.FindingsWomen entrepreneurs experience autonomy-supportive and controlling socio-cultural contexts in their gender role, parent–daughter relationship, husband–wife relationship and their religious affiliation. Autonomy-supportive social agents provide women entrepreneurs, the chance to perceive themselves as competent and autonomous to exploit and choose opportunities and run their business in accordance with their personal values and interests. On the other hand, controlling social agents maintain and reinforce the existing male-dominated social and economic order. They constrain women’s entrepreneurial performance by undermining their basic psychological needs satisfaction, which limits their autonomous functioning and well-being in entrepreneurial activity.Practical implicationsTo promote women’s autonomous functioning and well-being in entrepreneurial activity, policy should be aimed at reducing constraints to the satisfaction of psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness in the socio-cultural context.Originality/valueThe study is the first to apply SDT to explore the influence of autonomy vs controlling socio-cultural contexts on satisfaction vs thwarting needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness in the entrepreneurial activity of women.

AB - PurposeTaking a self-determination theory (SDT) perspective, the purpose of this paper is to understand the socio-cultural context on the satisfaction of basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness in the entrepreneurial activity of women entrepreneurs in Ethiopia.Design/methodology/approachSemi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 19 women entrepreneurs operating business in the formal sector of the economy in Addis Ababa. A thematic analysis approach was used to analyze and interpret the interview transcripts.FindingsWomen entrepreneurs experience autonomy-supportive and controlling socio-cultural contexts in their gender role, parent–daughter relationship, husband–wife relationship and their religious affiliation. Autonomy-supportive social agents provide women entrepreneurs, the chance to perceive themselves as competent and autonomous to exploit and choose opportunities and run their business in accordance with their personal values and interests. On the other hand, controlling social agents maintain and reinforce the existing male-dominated social and economic order. They constrain women’s entrepreneurial performance by undermining their basic psychological needs satisfaction, which limits their autonomous functioning and well-being in entrepreneurial activity.Practical implicationsTo promote women’s autonomous functioning and well-being in entrepreneurial activity, policy should be aimed at reducing constraints to the satisfaction of psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness in the socio-cultural context.Originality/valueThe study is the first to apply SDT to explore the influence of autonomy vs controlling socio-cultural contexts on satisfaction vs thwarting needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness in the entrepreneurial activity of women.

KW - BEHAVIOR

KW - EDUCATION

KW - Ethiopia

KW - GENDER STEREOTYPES

KW - NEEDS

KW - POVERTY

KW - SELF-DETERMINATION

KW - SOCIOCULTURAL FACTORS

KW - Self-determination theory

KW - Socio-cultural context

KW - Women entrepreneurs

U2 - 10.1108/EDI-10-2017-0230

DO - 10.1108/EDI-10-2017-0230

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 727

EP - 742

JO - Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal

JF - Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal

SN - 2040-7149

IS - 7

ER -