Dutch plural inflection

The exception that proves the analogy

Emmanuel Keuleers, Dominiek Sandra, Walter Daelemans, Steven Gillis, Gert Durieux, Evelyn Martens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

We develop the view that inflection is driven partly by non-phonological analogy and that nonphonological information is of particular importance to the inflection of non-canonical roots, which in the view of [Marcus, G. F., Brinkmann, U., Clahsen, H., Wiese, R., & Pinker, S. (1995). German inflection: the exception that proves the rule. Cognitive Psychology, 29, 189-256.] are inflected by a symbolic rule process. We used the Dutch plural to evaluate these claims. An analysis of corpus data shows that a model using non-phonological information (orthography) produces significantly fewer errors on plurals of non-canonical Dutch nouns, in particular borrowings, than a model that includes only phonological information. Moreover, we show that a double default system, as proposed by Pinker [Pinker, S. (1999). Words and rules. London: Phoenix.], does not offer an advantage over the latter model. A second study, examining the use of orthography in an online plural production task, shows that, in Dutch, the chosen pseudoword plural is significantly affected by non-phonological information. A final simulation study confirms that these results are in line with a model of inflectional morphology that explains the inflection of non-canonical roots by non-phonological analogy instead of by a default rule process. (C) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-318
Number of pages36
JournalCognitive Psychology
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dual mechanism model
  • memory based learning
  • default
  • rules
  • similarity
  • analogy
  • inflection
  • Dutch plural
  • non-canonical roots
  • morphology
  • GERMAN INFLECTION
  • PAST-TENSE
  • DUAL-ROUTE
  • LANGUAGE-ACQUISITION
  • MORPHOLOGY
  • RULES
  • MODEL

Cite this

Keuleers, E., Sandra, D., Daelemans, W., Gillis, S., Durieux, G., & Martens, E. (2007). Dutch plural inflection: The exception that proves the analogy. Cognitive Psychology, 54(4), 283-318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogpsych.2006.07.002
Keuleers, Emmanuel ; Sandra, Dominiek ; Daelemans, Walter ; Gillis, Steven ; Durieux, Gert ; Martens, Evelyn. / Dutch plural inflection : The exception that proves the analogy. In: Cognitive Psychology. 2007 ; Vol. 54, No. 4. pp. 283-318.
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Keuleers, E, Sandra, D, Daelemans, W, Gillis, S, Durieux, G & Martens, E 2007, 'Dutch plural inflection: The exception that proves the analogy', Cognitive Psychology, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 283-318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogpsych.2006.07.002

Dutch plural inflection : The exception that proves the analogy. / Keuleers, Emmanuel; Sandra, Dominiek; Daelemans, Walter; Gillis, Steven; Durieux, Gert; Martens, Evelyn.

In: Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 54, No. 4, 06.2007, p. 283-318.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T2 - The exception that proves the analogy

AU - Keuleers, Emmanuel

AU - Sandra, Dominiek

AU - Daelemans, Walter

AU - Gillis, Steven

AU - Durieux, Gert

AU - Martens, Evelyn

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AB - We develop the view that inflection is driven partly by non-phonological analogy and that nonphonological information is of particular importance to the inflection of non-canonical roots, which in the view of [Marcus, G. F., Brinkmann, U., Clahsen, H., Wiese, R., & Pinker, S. (1995). German inflection: the exception that proves the rule. Cognitive Psychology, 29, 189-256.] are inflected by a symbolic rule process. We used the Dutch plural to evaluate these claims. An analysis of corpus data shows that a model using non-phonological information (orthography) produces significantly fewer errors on plurals of non-canonical Dutch nouns, in particular borrowings, than a model that includes only phonological information. Moreover, we show that a double default system, as proposed by Pinker [Pinker, S. (1999). Words and rules. London: Phoenix.], does not offer an advantage over the latter model. A second study, examining the use of orthography in an online plural production task, shows that, in Dutch, the chosen pseudoword plural is significantly affected by non-phonological information. A final simulation study confirms that these results are in line with a model of inflectional morphology that explains the inflection of non-canonical roots by non-phonological analogy instead of by a default rule process. (C) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KW - dual mechanism model

KW - memory based learning

KW - default

KW - rules

KW - similarity

KW - analogy

KW - inflection

KW - Dutch plural

KW - non-canonical roots

KW - morphology

KW - GERMAN INFLECTION

KW - PAST-TENSE

KW - DUAL-ROUTE

KW - LANGUAGE-ACQUISITION

KW - MORPHOLOGY

KW - RULES

KW - MODEL

U2 - 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2006.07.002

DO - 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2006.07.002

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 283

EP - 318

JO - Cognitive Psychology

JF - Cognitive Psychology

SN - 0010-0285

IS - 4

ER -