Dutch plural inflection: The exception that proves the analogy

Emmanuel Keuleers, Dominiek Sandra, Walter Daelemans, Steven Gillis, Gert Durieux, Evelyn Martens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We develop the view that inflection is driven partly by non-phonological analogy and that nonphonological information is of particular importance to the inflection of non-canonical roots, which in the view of [Marcus, G. F., Brinkmann, U., Clahsen, H., Wiese, R., & Pinker, S. (1995). German inflection: the exception that proves the rule. Cognitive Psychology, 29, 189-256.] are inflected by a symbolic rule process. We used the Dutch plural to evaluate these claims. An analysis of corpus data shows that a model using non-phonological information (orthography) produces significantly fewer errors on plurals of non-canonical Dutch nouns, in particular borrowings, than a model that includes only phonological information. Moreover, we show that a double default system, as proposed by Pinker [Pinker, S. (1999). Words and rules. London: Phoenix.], does not offer an advantage over the latter model. A second study, examining the use of orthography in an online plural production task, shows that, in Dutch, the chosen pseudoword plural is significantly affected by non-phonological information. A final simulation study confirms that these results are in line with a model of inflectional morphology that explains the inflection of non-canonical roots by non-phonological analogy instead of by a default rule process. (C) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-318
Number of pages36
JournalCognitive Psychology
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dual mechanism model
  • memory based learning
  • default
  • rules
  • similarity
  • analogy
  • inflection
  • Dutch plural
  • non-canonical roots
  • morphology
  • GERMAN INFLECTION
  • PAST-TENSE
  • DUAL-ROUTE
  • LANGUAGE-ACQUISITION
  • MORPHOLOGY
  • RULES
  • MODEL

Cite this

Keuleers, E., Sandra, D., Daelemans, W., Gillis, S., Durieux, G., & Martens, E. (2007). Dutch plural inflection: The exception that proves the analogy. Cognitive Psychology, 54(4), 283-318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogpsych.2006.07.002