E-cigarette and waterpipe use in two adolescent cohorts: Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with conventional cigarette smoking

J. L. Treur, A.D. Rozema, J.J.P. Mathijssen, J.A.M. van Oers, J. M. Vink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)
76 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Alternative tobacco products are increasing in popularity. An important question is whether their use is associated with or even leads to conventional smoking, but large-scale (European) studies are scarce. In two cohorts of Dutch adolescents (Cohort I n = 6819, mean age = 13.8 SD = 1.1, 48.2% female; Cohort II n = 2758, mean age = 17.3 SD = 1.8, 61.3% female), we investigated use of electronic (e)-cigarettes with nicotine, e-cigarettes without nicotine and waterpipe. Generalized estimating equation modelling was conducted with ever conventional smoking as the dependent variable (0 = no, 1 = yes) and ever alternative tobacco use as the independent variable, correcting for clustering within schools, age, sex and education in both cohorts. In a subsample (n = 2100), the association between alternative tobacco use at baseline and conventional smoking 6 months later was tested, taking into account smoking propensity (based on personality, susceptibility to peer pressure and smoking intentions). Ever use prevalence was 13.7% for e-cigarettes with nicotine, 29.4% for e-cigarettes without nicotine and 22.1% for waterpipe in Cohort I and 12.3, 27.6 and 45.3% respectively in Cohort II. Ever smokers had tried alternative tobacco products more often than never smokers. Among never-smoking adolescents at baseline, alternative tobacco use predicted ever smoking 6 months later (e-cigarettes with nicotine OR 11.90 95% CI 3.36–42.11; e-cigarettes without nicotine OR 5.36 95% CI 2.73–10.52; waterpipe OR 5.36 95% CI 2.78–10.31). This association was strongest for adolescents with a low baseline risk of smoking. Experimenting with alternative tobacco products is common among Dutch youth. Alternative tobacco use predicts (future) smoking, especially among adolescents with a low smoking propensity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-334
JournalEuropean Journal of Epidemiology
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • E-cigarettes
  • Longitudinal
  • MARIJUANA USE
  • ONSET
  • Smoking
  • Smoking propensity
  • TOBACCO
  • Waterpipe
  • YOUTH

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'E-cigarette and waterpipe use in two adolescent cohorts: Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with conventional cigarette smoking'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this