Early life adversities and adolescent antisocial behavior

The role of cardiac autonomic nervous system reactivity in the TRAILS study

J.J. Sijtsema, A.M. van Roon, F.P.C. de Groot, H. Riese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In the current study, the role of pre-ejection period (PEP) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) was studied in the association between prior adversities and antisocial behavior in adolescence. PEP and RSA task reactivity and recovery to a public speaking task were assessed in adolescents from a longitudinal population-based study (N = 624, Mage = 16.14 years, 49.2% boys). Perinatal adversities were unrelated to antisocial behavior, but experiencing more stressful adversities between age 0 and 15 was associated with antisocial behavior at age 16 in boys with blunted PEP reactivity and smaller PEP differences from rest to recovery. Number of adversities between age 0 and 15 was associated with antisocial behavior in boys with blunted and girls with heightened RSA reactivity and larger PEP differences from rest to recovery. The association between prior adversities and antisocial behavior were small in effect size and depended upon sex and PEP and RSA reactivity and recovery.
Keywords: Pre-ejection period, Respiratory sinus arrhythmia, Antisocial behavior, Reactivity, Recovery, adversity
Original languageEnglish
Article number24–33
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume110
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Adolescent Behavior
Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia

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@article{02301d02d05843bb90bdea8c9c966bba,
title = "Early life adversities and adolescent antisocial behavior: The role of cardiac autonomic nervous system reactivity in the TRAILS study",
abstract = "In the current study, the role of pre-ejection period (PEP) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) was studied in the association between prior adversities and antisocial behavior in adolescence. PEP and RSA task reactivity and recovery to a public speaking task were assessed in adolescents from a longitudinal population-based study (N = 624, Mage = 16.14 years, 49.2{\%} boys). Perinatal adversities were unrelated to antisocial behavior, but experiencing more stressful adversities between age 0 and 15 was associated with antisocial behavior at age 16 in boys with blunted PEP reactivity and smaller PEP differences from rest to recovery. Number of adversities between age 0 and 15 was associated with antisocial behavior in boys with blunted and girls with heightened RSA reactivity and larger PEP differences from rest to recovery. The association between prior adversities and antisocial behavior were small in effect size and depended upon sex and PEP and RSA reactivity and recovery.Keywords: Pre-ejection period, Respiratory sinus arrhythmia, Antisocial behavior, Reactivity, Recovery, adversity",
author = "J.J. Sijtsema and {van Roon}, A.M. and {de Groot}, F.P.C. and H. Riese",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.06.012",
language = "English",
volume = "110",
journal = "Biological Psychology",
issn = "0301-0511",
publisher = "Elsevier Science BV",

}

Early life adversities and adolescent antisocial behavior : The role of cardiac autonomic nervous system reactivity in the TRAILS study. / Sijtsema, J.J.; van Roon, A.M.; de Groot, F.P.C.; Riese, H.

In: Biological Psychology, Vol. 110, 24–33, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Early life adversities and adolescent antisocial behavior

T2 - The role of cardiac autonomic nervous system reactivity in the TRAILS study

AU - Sijtsema, J.J.

AU - van Roon, A.M.

AU - de Groot, F.P.C.

AU - Riese, H.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - In the current study, the role of pre-ejection period (PEP) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) was studied in the association between prior adversities and antisocial behavior in adolescence. PEP and RSA task reactivity and recovery to a public speaking task were assessed in adolescents from a longitudinal population-based study (N = 624, Mage = 16.14 years, 49.2% boys). Perinatal adversities were unrelated to antisocial behavior, but experiencing more stressful adversities between age 0 and 15 was associated with antisocial behavior at age 16 in boys with blunted PEP reactivity and smaller PEP differences from rest to recovery. Number of adversities between age 0 and 15 was associated with antisocial behavior in boys with blunted and girls with heightened RSA reactivity and larger PEP differences from rest to recovery. The association between prior adversities and antisocial behavior were small in effect size and depended upon sex and PEP and RSA reactivity and recovery.Keywords: Pre-ejection period, Respiratory sinus arrhythmia, Antisocial behavior, Reactivity, Recovery, adversity

AB - In the current study, the role of pre-ejection period (PEP) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) was studied in the association between prior adversities and antisocial behavior in adolescence. PEP and RSA task reactivity and recovery to a public speaking task were assessed in adolescents from a longitudinal population-based study (N = 624, Mage = 16.14 years, 49.2% boys). Perinatal adversities were unrelated to antisocial behavior, but experiencing more stressful adversities between age 0 and 15 was associated with antisocial behavior at age 16 in boys with blunted PEP reactivity and smaller PEP differences from rest to recovery. Number of adversities between age 0 and 15 was associated with antisocial behavior in boys with blunted and girls with heightened RSA reactivity and larger PEP differences from rest to recovery. The association between prior adversities and antisocial behavior were small in effect size and depended upon sex and PEP and RSA reactivity and recovery.Keywords: Pre-ejection period, Respiratory sinus arrhythmia, Antisocial behavior, Reactivity, Recovery, adversity

U2 - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.06.012

DO - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.06.012

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VL - 110

JO - Biological Psychology

JF - Biological Psychology

SN - 0301-0511

M1 - 24–33

ER -