Een remix van het strafproces? Een ‘hiphop-theorie’ van het herstelrecht

Translated title of the contribution: A remix of criminal justice? : A 'hiphop theory' of restorative justice

A. Pemberton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientific

    8 Citations (Scopus)


    Hip-hop and restorative justice may seem odd bedfellows, but according to Antony Pemberton they have more in common than many would assume. In the first place hip-hop shares a common history, at least with restorative justice's modern incarnations, spanning four decades, to become a similarly global phenomenon. Much of the social ecology shaping RJ is similar to hiphop. In addition hiphop's criticism of criminal justice almost goes without saying. Almost no source offers similar scathing critique of criminal justice and penal institutions as rap lyrics.
    Pemberton further argues that rituals in hip-hop are connected with the need to deal with conflict. The way respect and disrespect can coincide in rap-battles might offer insights in the way similar dialectics can be navigated within restorative justice processes. The extent to which this is possible is necessarily limited. Pemberton finds that hip-hop – with the exception of graffiti- does not seem currently to criticize the key neo-liberal values of the American Zeitgeist. The much maligned chasm between the old-school and the new school can be situated in this observation. Where hip-hop, as a social movement, used to deploy the depiction of injustice as a means to underline the necessity of social change, the current motto appears to be rich or die tryin'. The life of the thug and the gangsta is depicted as the epitome of the American Dream. Here Pemberton sees grounds for a cautionary warning for restorative justice, which is nurtured by a similar neo-liberal undercurrent in a number of jurisdictions.

    Translated title of the contributionA remix of criminal justice? : A 'hiphop theory' of restorative justice
    Original languageDutch
    Pages (from-to)32-48
    Number of pages17
    JournalTijdschrift voor Herstelrecht
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


    • hip-hop, herstelrecht, culturele criminologie, populaire cultuur, commodificatie


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