Effectiveness of a problem-solving based intervention to prolong the working life of ageing workers

W. Koolhaas, J.W. Groothoff, M.R. de Boer, J.J.L. van der Klink, S. Brouwer

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Abstract

Background
An ageing workforce combined with increasing health problems in ageing workers implies the importance of evidence-based interventions to enhance sustainable employability. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the ‘Staying healthy at work’ problem-solving based intervention compared to business as usual.
Methods
This study was designed as a quasi-experimental trial with a one-year follow-up. Measurements were performed at baseline, three and twelve months. The problem-solving based intervention provides a strategy for increasing the awareness of ageing workers of their role and responsibility in living sustainable, healthy working lives. The primary outcomes were work ability, vitality and productivity. Secondary outcomes were perceived fatigue, psychosocial work characteristics, work attitude, self-efficacy and work engagement.
Results
Analyses were performed on the 64 workers in the intervention and 61 workers from the business as usual group. No effects on productivity (OR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.23-3.00) and adverse effects on work ability (B = −1.33, 95% CI −2.45 to −0.20) and vitality (OR = 0.10, 95% CI 0.02-0.46) were found. Positive results were found for the work attitude secondary outcome (B = 5.29, 95% CI −9.59 to −0.99), the self-efficacy persistence subscale (B = 1.45, 95% CI 0.43-2.48) and the skill discretion subscale of the Job Content Questionnaire (B = 1.78, 95% CI 0.74-2.83).
Conclusion
The results of the problem-solving intervention showed no positive effects on the three outcome measures compared to business as usual. However, effectiveness was shown on three of the secondary outcome measures, i.e. work attitude, self-efficacy and skill discretion. We presume that the lack of positive effects on primary outcomes is due to programme failure and not to theory failure.
Keywords: Aging workforce, Intervention study, Ageing workers, Problem-solving approach, Solution focused, Work ability
Original languageEnglish
Article number76
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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@article{f73e8598239a4703bf9615fa9e87c732,
title = "Effectiveness of a problem-solving based intervention to prolong the working life of ageing workers",
abstract = "BackgroundAn ageing workforce combined with increasing health problems in ageing workers implies the importance of evidence-based interventions to enhance sustainable employability. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the ‘Staying healthy at work’ problem-solving based intervention compared to business as usual.MethodsThis study was designed as a quasi-experimental trial with a one-year follow-up. Measurements were performed at baseline, three and twelve months. The problem-solving based intervention provides a strategy for increasing the awareness of ageing workers of their role and responsibility in living sustainable, healthy working lives. The primary outcomes were work ability, vitality and productivity. Secondary outcomes were perceived fatigue, psychosocial work characteristics, work attitude, self-efficacy and work engagement.ResultsAnalyses were performed on the 64 workers in the intervention and 61 workers from the business as usual group. No effects on productivity (OR = 0.83, 95{\%} CI 0.23-3.00) and adverse effects on work ability (B = −1.33, 95{\%} CI −2.45 to −0.20) and vitality (OR = 0.10, 95{\%} CI 0.02-0.46) were found. Positive results were found for the work attitude secondary outcome (B = 5.29, 95{\%} CI −9.59 to −0.99), the self-efficacy persistence subscale (B = 1.45, 95{\%} CI 0.43-2.48) and the skill discretion subscale of the Job Content Questionnaire (B = 1.78, 95{\%} CI 0.74-2.83).ConclusionThe results of the problem-solving intervention showed no positive effects on the three outcome measures compared to business as usual. However, effectiveness was shown on three of the secondary outcome measures, i.e. work attitude, self-efficacy and skill discretion. We presume that the lack of positive effects on primary outcomes is due to programme failure and not to theory failure.Keywords: Aging workforce, Intervention study, Ageing workers, Problem-solving approach, Solution focused, Work ability",
author = "W. Koolhaas and J.W. Groothoff and {de Boer}, M.R. and {van der Klink}, J.J.L. and S. Brouwer",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1186/s12889-015-1410-5",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BMC",

}

Effectiveness of a problem-solving based intervention to prolong the working life of ageing workers. / Koolhaas, W.; Groothoff, J.W.; de Boer, M.R.; van der Klink, J.J.L.; Brouwer, S.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 15, 76, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effectiveness of a problem-solving based intervention to prolong the working life of ageing workers

AU - Koolhaas, W.

AU - Groothoff, J.W.

AU - de Boer, M.R.

AU - van der Klink, J.J.L.

AU - Brouwer, S.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - BackgroundAn ageing workforce combined with increasing health problems in ageing workers implies the importance of evidence-based interventions to enhance sustainable employability. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the ‘Staying healthy at work’ problem-solving based intervention compared to business as usual.MethodsThis study was designed as a quasi-experimental trial with a one-year follow-up. Measurements were performed at baseline, three and twelve months. The problem-solving based intervention provides a strategy for increasing the awareness of ageing workers of their role and responsibility in living sustainable, healthy working lives. The primary outcomes were work ability, vitality and productivity. Secondary outcomes were perceived fatigue, psychosocial work characteristics, work attitude, self-efficacy and work engagement.ResultsAnalyses were performed on the 64 workers in the intervention and 61 workers from the business as usual group. No effects on productivity (OR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.23-3.00) and adverse effects on work ability (B = −1.33, 95% CI −2.45 to −0.20) and vitality (OR = 0.10, 95% CI 0.02-0.46) were found. Positive results were found for the work attitude secondary outcome (B = 5.29, 95% CI −9.59 to −0.99), the self-efficacy persistence subscale (B = 1.45, 95% CI 0.43-2.48) and the skill discretion subscale of the Job Content Questionnaire (B = 1.78, 95% CI 0.74-2.83).ConclusionThe results of the problem-solving intervention showed no positive effects on the three outcome measures compared to business as usual. However, effectiveness was shown on three of the secondary outcome measures, i.e. work attitude, self-efficacy and skill discretion. We presume that the lack of positive effects on primary outcomes is due to programme failure and not to theory failure.Keywords: Aging workforce, Intervention study, Ageing workers, Problem-solving approach, Solution focused, Work ability

AB - BackgroundAn ageing workforce combined with increasing health problems in ageing workers implies the importance of evidence-based interventions to enhance sustainable employability. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the ‘Staying healthy at work’ problem-solving based intervention compared to business as usual.MethodsThis study was designed as a quasi-experimental trial with a one-year follow-up. Measurements were performed at baseline, three and twelve months. The problem-solving based intervention provides a strategy for increasing the awareness of ageing workers of their role and responsibility in living sustainable, healthy working lives. The primary outcomes were work ability, vitality and productivity. Secondary outcomes were perceived fatigue, psychosocial work characteristics, work attitude, self-efficacy and work engagement.ResultsAnalyses were performed on the 64 workers in the intervention and 61 workers from the business as usual group. No effects on productivity (OR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.23-3.00) and adverse effects on work ability (B = −1.33, 95% CI −2.45 to −0.20) and vitality (OR = 0.10, 95% CI 0.02-0.46) were found. Positive results were found for the work attitude secondary outcome (B = 5.29, 95% CI −9.59 to −0.99), the self-efficacy persistence subscale (B = 1.45, 95% CI 0.43-2.48) and the skill discretion subscale of the Job Content Questionnaire (B = 1.78, 95% CI 0.74-2.83).ConclusionThe results of the problem-solving intervention showed no positive effects on the three outcome measures compared to business as usual. However, effectiveness was shown on three of the secondary outcome measures, i.e. work attitude, self-efficacy and skill discretion. We presume that the lack of positive effects on primary outcomes is due to programme failure and not to theory failure.Keywords: Aging workforce, Intervention study, Ageing workers, Problem-solving approach, Solution focused, Work ability

U2 - 10.1186/s12889-015-1410-5

DO - 10.1186/s12889-015-1410-5

M3 - Article

VL - 15

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

M1 - 76

ER -