Effectiveness of the Comprehensive Approach to Rehabilitation (CARe) methodology

Design of a cluster randomized controlled trial

Neis A Bitter, Diana P K Roeg, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen, Jaap van Weeghel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Background: 

There is an increasing amount of evidence for the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions for people with severe mental illness (SMI). In the Netherlands, a rehabilitation methodology that is well known and often applied is the Comprehensive Approach to Rehabilitation (CARe) methodology. The overall goal of the CARe methodology is to improve the client's quality of life by supporting the client in realizing his/her goals and wishes, handling his/her vulnerability and improving the quality of his/her social environment. The methodology is strongly influenced by the concept of 'personal recovery' and the 'strengths case management model'. No controlled effect studies have been conducted hitherto regarding the CARe methodology.

Methods/design: 

This study is a two-armed cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) that will be executed in teams from three organizations for sheltered and supported housing, which provide services to people with long-term severe mental illness. Teams in the intervention group will receive the multiple-day CARe methodology training from a specialized institute and start working according the CARe Methodology guideline. Teams in the control group will continue working in their usual way. Standardized questionnaires will be completed at baseline (T0), and 10 (T1) and 20 months (T2) post baseline. Primary outcomes are recovery, social functioning and quality of life. The model fidelity of the CARe methodology will be assessed at T1 and T2.

Discusion: 

This study is the first controlled effect study on the CARe methodology and one of the few RCTs on a broad rehabilitation method or strength-based approach. This study is relevant because mental health care organizations have become increasingly interested in recovery and rehabilitation-oriented care.


Original languageEnglish
Article number165
JournalBMC Psychiatry
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Organizations
Case Management
Netherlands
Mental Health
Delivery of Health Care
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

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title = "Effectiveness of the Comprehensive Approach to Rehabilitation (CARe) methodology: Design of a cluster randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "Background: There is an increasing amount of evidence for the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions for people with severe mental illness (SMI). In the Netherlands, a rehabilitation methodology that is well known and often applied is the Comprehensive Approach to Rehabilitation (CARe) methodology. The overall goal of the CARe methodology is to improve the client's quality of life by supporting the client in realizing his/her goals and wishes, handling his/her vulnerability and improving the quality of his/her social environment. The methodology is strongly influenced by the concept of 'personal recovery' and the 'strengths case management model'. No controlled effect studies have been conducted hitherto regarding the CARe methodology.Methods/design: This study is a two-armed cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) that will be executed in teams from three organizations for sheltered and supported housing, which provide services to people with long-term severe mental illness. Teams in the intervention group will receive the multiple-day CARe methodology training from a specialized institute and start working according the CARe Methodology guideline. Teams in the control group will continue working in their usual way. Standardized questionnaires will be completed at baseline (T0), and 10 (T1) and 20 months (T2) post baseline. Primary outcomes are recovery, social functioning and quality of life. The model fidelity of the CARe methodology will be assessed at T1 and T2.Discusion: This study is the first controlled effect study on the CARe methodology and one of the few RCTs on a broad rehabilitation method or strength-based approach. This study is relevant because mental health care organizations have become increasingly interested in recovery and rehabilitation-oriented care.",
author = "Bitter, {Neis A} and Roeg, {Diana P K} and {van Nieuwenhuizen}, Chijs and {van Weeghel}, Jaap",
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Effectiveness of the Comprehensive Approach to Rehabilitation (CARe) methodology : Design of a cluster randomized controlled trial. / Bitter, Neis A; Roeg, Diana P K; van Nieuwenhuizen, Chijs; van Weeghel, Jaap.

In: BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 15, 165, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Bitter, Neis A

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AU - van Nieuwenhuizen, Chijs

AU - van Weeghel, Jaap

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