Effects of retirement on lifestyle in relation to changes in weight and waist circumference in Dutch men: A prospective study

Astrid C J Nooyens, Tommy L S Visscher, A.J. Schuit, Caroline T M van Rossum, W M Monique Verschuren, Willem van Mechelen, Jacob C Seidell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Objective:

To study changes in lifestyle in relation to changes in body weight and waist circumference associated with occupational retirement in men.

Design:

A prospective cohort study with 5 years of follow-up. At baseline and at follow-up, questionnaires were completed and body weight and waist circumference were measured.

Setting:

The Doetinchem Cohort Study, consisting of inhabitants of Doetinchem, a town in a rural area of The Netherlands.

Subjects:

In total 288 healthy men aged 50-65 years at baseline, who either remained employed or retired over follow-up.

Results:

The effect of retirement on changes in weight and waist circumference was dependent on type of former occupation. Increase in body weight and waist circumference was higher among men who retired from active jobs (0.42 kg year(-1) and 0.77 cm year(-1), respectively) than among men who retired from sedentary jobs (0.08 kg year(-1) and 0.23 cm year(-1), respectively). Weight gain and increase in waist circumference were associated with a decrease in fruit consumption and fibre density of the diet, with an increase in frequency of eating breakfast, and with a decrease in several physical activities, such as household activities, bicycling, walking and doing odd jobs.

Conclusion:

Retirement was associated with an increase in weight and waist circumference among those with former active jobs, but not among those with former sedentary jobs. Retirement may bring opportunities for healthy changes in diet and physical activity, which could be used in health promotion programmes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1266-1274
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Weights and Measures
Exercise
Occupations
Netherlands
Weight Gain

Keywords

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Body Weight
  • Cohort Studies
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retirement
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Waist-Hip Ratio
  • Weight Gain
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Cite this

Nooyens, A. C. J., Visscher, T. L. S., Schuit, A. J., van Rossum, C. T. M., Verschuren, W. M. M., van Mechelen, W., & Seidell, J. C. (2005). Effects of retirement on lifestyle in relation to changes in weight and waist circumference in Dutch men: A prospective study. Public Health Nutrition, 8(8), 1266-1274. https://doi.org/10.1079/PHN2005756
Nooyens, Astrid C J ; Visscher, Tommy L S ; Schuit, A.J. ; van Rossum, Caroline T M ; Verschuren, W M Monique ; van Mechelen, Willem ; Seidell, Jacob C. / Effects of retirement on lifestyle in relation to changes in weight and waist circumference in Dutch men : A prospective study. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2005 ; Vol. 8, No. 8. pp. 1266-1274.
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abstract = "Objective: To study changes in lifestyle in relation to changes in body weight and waist circumference associated with occupational retirement in men.Design: A prospective cohort study with 5 years of follow-up. At baseline and at follow-up, questionnaires were completed and body weight and waist circumference were measured.Setting: The Doetinchem Cohort Study, consisting of inhabitants of Doetinchem, a town in a rural area of The Netherlands.Subjects: In total 288 healthy men aged 50-65 years at baseline, who either remained employed or retired over follow-up.Results: The effect of retirement on changes in weight and waist circumference was dependent on type of former occupation. Increase in body weight and waist circumference was higher among men who retired from active jobs (0.42 kg year(-1) and 0.77 cm year(-1), respectively) than among men who retired from sedentary jobs (0.08 kg year(-1) and 0.23 cm year(-1), respectively). Weight gain and increase in waist circumference were associated with a decrease in fruit consumption and fibre density of the diet, with an increase in frequency of eating breakfast, and with a decrease in several physical activities, such as household activities, bicycling, walking and doing odd jobs.Conclusion: Retirement was associated with an increase in weight and waist circumference among those with former active jobs, but not among those with former sedentary jobs. Retirement may bring opportunities for healthy changes in diet and physical activity, which could be used in health promotion programmes.",
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Nooyens, ACJ, Visscher, TLS, Schuit, AJ, van Rossum, CTM, Verschuren, WMM, van Mechelen, W & Seidell, JC 2005, 'Effects of retirement on lifestyle in relation to changes in weight and waist circumference in Dutch men: A prospective study' Public Health Nutrition, vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 1266-1274. https://doi.org/10.1079/PHN2005756

Effects of retirement on lifestyle in relation to changes in weight and waist circumference in Dutch men : A prospective study. / Nooyens, Astrid C J; Visscher, Tommy L S; Schuit, A.J.; van Rossum, Caroline T M; Verschuren, W M Monique; van Mechelen, Willem; Seidell, Jacob C.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 8, No. 8, 12.2005, p. 1266-1274.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Effects of retirement on lifestyle in relation to changes in weight and waist circumference in Dutch men

T2 - A prospective study

AU - Nooyens, Astrid C J

AU - Visscher, Tommy L S

AU - Schuit, A.J.

AU - van Rossum, Caroline T M

AU - Verschuren, W M Monique

AU - van Mechelen, Willem

AU - Seidell, Jacob C

PY - 2005/12

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N2 - Objective: To study changes in lifestyle in relation to changes in body weight and waist circumference associated with occupational retirement in men.Design: A prospective cohort study with 5 years of follow-up. At baseline and at follow-up, questionnaires were completed and body weight and waist circumference were measured.Setting: The Doetinchem Cohort Study, consisting of inhabitants of Doetinchem, a town in a rural area of The Netherlands.Subjects: In total 288 healthy men aged 50-65 years at baseline, who either remained employed or retired over follow-up.Results: The effect of retirement on changes in weight and waist circumference was dependent on type of former occupation. Increase in body weight and waist circumference was higher among men who retired from active jobs (0.42 kg year(-1) and 0.77 cm year(-1), respectively) than among men who retired from sedentary jobs (0.08 kg year(-1) and 0.23 cm year(-1), respectively). Weight gain and increase in waist circumference were associated with a decrease in fruit consumption and fibre density of the diet, with an increase in frequency of eating breakfast, and with a decrease in several physical activities, such as household activities, bicycling, walking and doing odd jobs.Conclusion: Retirement was associated with an increase in weight and waist circumference among those with former active jobs, but not among those with former sedentary jobs. Retirement may bring opportunities for healthy changes in diet and physical activity, which could be used in health promotion programmes.

AB - Objective: To study changes in lifestyle in relation to changes in body weight and waist circumference associated with occupational retirement in men.Design: A prospective cohort study with 5 years of follow-up. At baseline and at follow-up, questionnaires were completed and body weight and waist circumference were measured.Setting: The Doetinchem Cohort Study, consisting of inhabitants of Doetinchem, a town in a rural area of The Netherlands.Subjects: In total 288 healthy men aged 50-65 years at baseline, who either remained employed or retired over follow-up.Results: The effect of retirement on changes in weight and waist circumference was dependent on type of former occupation. Increase in body weight and waist circumference was higher among men who retired from active jobs (0.42 kg year(-1) and 0.77 cm year(-1), respectively) than among men who retired from sedentary jobs (0.08 kg year(-1) and 0.23 cm year(-1), respectively). Weight gain and increase in waist circumference were associated with a decrease in fruit consumption and fibre density of the diet, with an increase in frequency of eating breakfast, and with a decrease in several physical activities, such as household activities, bicycling, walking and doing odd jobs.Conclusion: Retirement was associated with an increase in weight and waist circumference among those with former active jobs, but not among those with former sedentary jobs. Retirement may bring opportunities for healthy changes in diet and physical activity, which could be used in health promotion programmes.

KW - Activities of Daily Living

KW - Aged

KW - Body Weight

KW - Cohort Studies

KW - Feeding Behavior

KW - Follow-Up Studies

KW - Humans

KW - Life Style

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Netherlands

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Retirement

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - Waist-Hip Ratio

KW - Weight Gain

KW - Journal Article

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

U2 - 10.1079/PHN2005756

DO - 10.1079/PHN2005756

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