Elephants or onions? Paying for nature in Amboseli, Kenya

E.H. Bulte, R. Boone, R. Stringer, P. Thornton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Traditional grazing grounds near Amboseli National Park (Kenya) are being rapidly converted to cropland – a process that closes important wildlife corridors. We use a spatially explicit simulation model that integrates ecosystem dynamics and pastoral decision-making to explore the scope for introducing a ‘payments for ecosystem services’ scheme to compensate pastoralists for spillover benefits associated with forms of land use that are compatible with wildlife conservation. Our break-even cost analysis suggests that the benefits of such a scheme likely exceed its costs for a large part of the study area, but that ‘leakage effects’ through excessive stocking rates warrant close scrutiny.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-414
JournalEnvironment and Development Economics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008


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