Emotion and emotion preferences in daily life: The role of anxiety

W. Michael Vanderlind*, Jonas Everaert, Camilla Cabarello, Emily Cohodes, Dylan Gee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

People vary in their emotion preferences (i.e., desired emotional states). No study, however, has examined the nature of emotion preferences in anxiety. In the current study, we used a 14-day ecological momentary assessment paradigm to investigate the daily dynamics of emotion preferences and state emotion as they relate to individual differences in trait anxiety and anxiety symptom severity. Individuals with higher levels of trait anxiety and with more severe anxiety symptoms reported greater preferences for state anxiety compared with their low-anxiety counterparts. Relations between anxiety preferences and subsequent anxiety vary as a function of trait anxiety and symptom severity, and different associations are observed between the two measures of anxiety. The current findings suggest that aberrant emotion preferences may contribute to emotion dysfunction in anxiety and highlight emotion preferences as a novel treatment target for interventions that aim to improve emotion functioning among people with elevated levels of anxiety.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
JournalClinical Psychological Science
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021

Keywords

  • DSM-IV ANXIETY
  • EXPERIENCE
  • HAPPINESS
  • IDEAL AFFECT
  • INVENTORY
  • MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
  • MOOD DISORDERS
  • PEOPLE
  • PLEASURE
  • VALIDITY
  • anxiety symptoms
  • ecological momentary assessment
  • emotion
  • emotion preferences
  • trait anxiety

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