Emotional valence differentially affects encoding and retrieval of prospective memory in older adults

Nicola Ballhausen*, Peter G. Rendell, Julie D. Henry, Sebastian Joeffry, Matthias Kliegel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Studies manipulating emotional valence in prospective memory (PM) have so far revealed inconsistent results. In the present study, two experiments were conducted to systematically disentangle the effects of varying emotional valence in the encoding versus retrieval phase of PM in older adults. Results showed that, while cue valence at retrieval had no influence on PM performance, at encoding both positive and negative valence resulted in reduced PM performance. Findings suggest that emotional valence may have an influence on mnemonic processes at encoding rather than modifying cue detection in aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544-559
Number of pages16
JournalAging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aging
  • encoding
  • retrieval
  • emotion
  • prospective memory
  • AGE-DIFFERENCES
  • YOUNGER ADULTS
  • METAANALYSIS
  • SPECIFICITY
  • TASKS
  • CUES
  • INTENTIONS
  • ATTENTION
  • AMYGDALA
  • STATE

Cite this

Ballhausen, Nicola ; Rendell, Peter G. ; Henry, Julie D. ; Joeffry, Sebastian ; Kliegel, Matthias. / Emotional valence differentially affects encoding and retrieval of prospective memory in older adults. In: Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition. 2015 ; Vol. 22, No. 5. pp. 544-559.
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abstract = "Studies manipulating emotional valence in prospective memory (PM) have so far revealed inconsistent results. In the present study, two experiments were conducted to systematically disentangle the effects of varying emotional valence in the encoding versus retrieval phase of PM in older adults. Results showed that, while cue valence at retrieval had no influence on PM performance, at encoding both positive and negative valence resulted in reduced PM performance. Findings suggest that emotional valence may have an influence on mnemonic processes at encoding rather than modifying cue detection in aging.",
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Emotional valence differentially affects encoding and retrieval of prospective memory in older adults. / Ballhausen, Nicola; Rendell, Peter G.; Henry, Julie D.; Joeffry, Sebastian; Kliegel, Matthias.

In: Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, Vol. 22, No. 5, 03.09.2015, p. 544-559.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Kliegel, Matthias

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KW - retrieval

KW - emotion

KW - prospective memory

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KW - TASKS

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