Employment specialist competencies for supported employment programs

M. Corbière, E.P.M. Brouwers, N. Lanctôt, J. van Weeghel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose
Supported employment (SE) programs are evidence-based programs offered to people with severe mental illness to facilitate obtaining and keeping competitive work. However, significant variations in individuals’ vocational success may be partly explained by differences in their employment specialists’ competencies. Aim
The main objectives of this study were to develop a questionnaire measuring the behaviors, attitudes and knowledge of employment specialists working in SE programs and to link specific competencies to vocational outcomes.
Methods
A total of 153 employment specialists working in Canadian and Dutch supported employment programs completed the Behaviors, Attitudes, and Knowledge in Employment Specialists (BAKES) questionnaire and provided information about their clients’ vocational outcomes.
Results
Exploratory Factor Analyses results found 90 items over 12 subscales (e.g., Relationships with employers and supervisors). Regression analyses indicated that the two most useful subscales for predicting vocational success were: (1) Relationships with employers and supervisors, and (2) support and client-centered approach.
Conclusion
Employment specialists require specific competencies to help people with severe mental illness obtain and maintain competitive employment. Validating the BAKES will better define the broad range of competencies expected for this position, and this tool may facilitate training of employment specialists.
Keywords: Supported employment programs, Employment specialists, Competencies, People with severe mental illness, Factor analyses
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)484-497
JournalJournal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Supported Employment
Statistical Factor Analysis

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title = "Employment specialist competencies for supported employment programs",
abstract = "Purpose Supported employment (SE) programs are evidence-based programs offered to people with severe mental illness to facilitate obtaining and keeping competitive work. However, significant variations in individuals’ vocational success may be partly explained by differences in their employment specialists’ competencies. Aim The main objectives of this study were to develop a questionnaire measuring the behaviors, attitudes and knowledge of employment specialists working in SE programs and to link specific competencies to vocational outcomes. Methods A total of 153 employment specialists working in Canadian and Dutch supported employment programs completed the Behaviors, Attitudes, and Knowledge in Employment Specialists (BAKES) questionnaire and provided information about their clients’ vocational outcomes. Results Exploratory Factor Analyses results found 90 items over 12 subscales (e.g., Relationships with employers and supervisors). Regression analyses indicated that the two most useful subscales for predicting vocational success were: (1) Relationships with employers and supervisors, and (2) support and client-centered approach. Conclusion Employment specialists require specific competencies to help people with severe mental illness obtain and maintain competitive employment. Validating the BAKES will better define the broad range of competencies expected for this position, and this tool may facilitate training of employment specialists.Keywords: Supported employment programs, Employment specialists, Competencies, People with severe mental illness, Factor analyses",
author = "M. Corbi{\`e}re and E.P.M. Brouwers and N. Lanct{\^o}t and {van Weeghel}, J.",
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Employment specialist competencies for supported employment programs. / Corbière, M.; Brouwers, E.P.M.; Lanctôt, N.; van Weeghel, J.

In: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2014, p. 484-497.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Employment specialist competencies for supported employment programs

AU - Corbière, M.

AU - Brouwers, E.P.M.

AU - Lanctôt, N.

AU - van Weeghel, J.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Purpose Supported employment (SE) programs are evidence-based programs offered to people with severe mental illness to facilitate obtaining and keeping competitive work. However, significant variations in individuals’ vocational success may be partly explained by differences in their employment specialists’ competencies. Aim The main objectives of this study were to develop a questionnaire measuring the behaviors, attitudes and knowledge of employment specialists working in SE programs and to link specific competencies to vocational outcomes. Methods A total of 153 employment specialists working in Canadian and Dutch supported employment programs completed the Behaviors, Attitudes, and Knowledge in Employment Specialists (BAKES) questionnaire and provided information about their clients’ vocational outcomes. Results Exploratory Factor Analyses results found 90 items over 12 subscales (e.g., Relationships with employers and supervisors). Regression analyses indicated that the two most useful subscales for predicting vocational success were: (1) Relationships with employers and supervisors, and (2) support and client-centered approach. Conclusion Employment specialists require specific competencies to help people with severe mental illness obtain and maintain competitive employment. Validating the BAKES will better define the broad range of competencies expected for this position, and this tool may facilitate training of employment specialists.Keywords: Supported employment programs, Employment specialists, Competencies, People with severe mental illness, Factor analyses

AB - Purpose Supported employment (SE) programs are evidence-based programs offered to people with severe mental illness to facilitate obtaining and keeping competitive work. However, significant variations in individuals’ vocational success may be partly explained by differences in their employment specialists’ competencies. Aim The main objectives of this study were to develop a questionnaire measuring the behaviors, attitudes and knowledge of employment specialists working in SE programs and to link specific competencies to vocational outcomes. Methods A total of 153 employment specialists working in Canadian and Dutch supported employment programs completed the Behaviors, Attitudes, and Knowledge in Employment Specialists (BAKES) questionnaire and provided information about their clients’ vocational outcomes. Results Exploratory Factor Analyses results found 90 items over 12 subscales (e.g., Relationships with employers and supervisors). Regression analyses indicated that the two most useful subscales for predicting vocational success were: (1) Relationships with employers and supervisors, and (2) support and client-centered approach. Conclusion Employment specialists require specific competencies to help people with severe mental illness obtain and maintain competitive employment. Validating the BAKES will better define the broad range of competencies expected for this position, and this tool may facilitate training of employment specialists.Keywords: Supported employment programs, Employment specialists, Competencies, People with severe mental illness, Factor analyses

U2 - 10.1007/s10926-013-9482-5

DO - 10.1007/s10926-013-9482-5

M3 - Article

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JO - Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation

JF - Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation

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