Enforcing privacy: Lessons from current implementations and perspectives for the future

Paul de Hert (Editor), D. Kloza (Editor), Paweł Makowski (Editor)

Research output: Book/ReportBookScientific


“It will be a truism to state that globalisation and recent rapid development of information and communications technologies have resulted in increased trans-border personal data transfers and – at the same time – in the elevation of corresponding risks. This phenomenon both has placed the governance of privacy and personal data protection at the international level and has made data privacy violations with cross-border implications much more frequent. As a result, there grew a critical need for stronger, more enhanced and more efficient cross-border cooperation between relevant supervisory authorities, i.e. between those public bodies that are tasked with “the day-to-day protection of data privacy”, on whose shoulders “lies the main burden of effective protection”.
The status quo of such cooperation leaves much to be desired. Nowadays – to ensure an appropriate level of protection of privacy and personal data and to investigate and prosecute violations, should they occur – these supervisory authorities face constraints by way of human and/or budgetary shortages, practical, institutional and legislative set-ups and similar factors. Often, due to the lack of cooperation and coordination, these resource-constrained authorities may also investigate the same privacy issue, which is, in effect, a duplication of effort.
For these reasons, policy-makers, authorities themselves and academics – since as early as 2000s – became preoccupied with diagnosing the problem and with the quest for solutions. […]
The PHAEDRA research project, or “Improving Practical and Helpful cooperAtion betweEn Data Protection Authorities” (2013–2015), co-funded by the EU under its Fundamental Rights and Citizenship Programme, has been aimed precisely to contribute to this debate. […]
This book is composed of selected interventions made at the final conference of the PHAEDRA project, held on 12 December 2014 in Kraków, Poland. These contributions are preceded by invited comments written by the experts in the field. Each of these papers – in one way or another touching upon various aspects of cooperation between supervisory authorities – contributes to the unambiguous conclusion that the efficiency of such cooperation is an essential element of the effective protection of the fundamental rights to privacy and personal data protection.”
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWarsaw
PublisherWydawnictwo Sejmowe
Number of pages146
ISBN (Print)9788376664149
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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