Enhanced Pseudo-polynomial Formulations for Bin Packing and Cutting Stock Problems

Maxence Delorme, Manuel Iori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


We study pseudo-polynomial formulations for the classical bin packing and cutting stock problems. We first propose an overview of dominance and equivalence relations among the main pattern-based and pseudo-polynomial formulations from the literature. We then introduce reflect, a new formulation that uses just half of the bin capacity to model an instance and needs significantly fewer constraints and variables than the classical models.We propose upper- A nd lower-bounding techniques that make use of column generation and dual information to compensate reflect weaknesses when bin capacity is too high. We also present nontrivial adaptations of our techniques that solve two interesting problem variants, namely the variable-sized bin packing problem and the bin packing problem with item fragmentation. Extensive computational tests on benchmark instances show that our algorithms achieve state of the art results on all problems, improving on previous algorithms and finding several new proven optimal solutions. Â

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-119
Number of pages19
JournalINFORMS Journal on Computing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Bin packing
  • cutting stock
  • equivalent models
  • fragmentation
  • pseudo-polynomial
  • variable size


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